F

Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACCESS

Advanced Cosmic-ray Composition Experiment for the Space Station

ACE

Advanced Composition Explorer

AGN

active galactic nucleus

AIRS

Advanced Infrared Sounder

ALEXIS

Array of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensors

AO

announcement of opportunity

ARISE

Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth

ASCA

Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics

AXAF

Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (now Chandra X-ray Observatory)


CAA

Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics

CATSAT

Cooperative Astrophysics and Technology Satellite

CES

Committee on Earth Studies

CFC

chlorofluorocarbon

CGRO

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

CHAMP

Challenging Minisatellite Payload

CHIPS

Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer

CISP

Committee on International Space Programs

CMBR

cosmic microwave background radiation

CME

coronal mass ejection

COMPLEX

Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration

CRAF

Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby

CSSP

Committee and Solar and Space Physics

CZCS

Coastal Zone Color Scanner


DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOD

Department of Defense

DSN

Deep Space Network



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Assessment of Mission Size Trade-offs for NASA’s Earth and Space Science Missions F Acronyms and Abbreviations ACCESS Advanced Cosmic-ray Composition Experiment for the Space Station ACE Advanced Composition Explorer AGN active galactic nucleus AIRS Advanced Infrared Sounder ALEXIS Array of Low-Energy X-ray Imaging Sensors AO announcement of opportunity ARISE Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth ASCA Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics AXAF Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (now Chandra X-ray Observatory) CAA Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics CATSAT Cooperative Astrophysics and Technology Satellite CES Committee on Earth Studies CFC chlorofluorocarbon CGRO Compton Gamma Ray Observatory CHAMP Challenging Minisatellite Payload CHIPS Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer CISP Committee on International Space Programs CMBR cosmic microwave background radiation CME coronal mass ejection COMPLEX Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration CRAF Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby CSSP Committee and Solar and Space Physics CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOD Department of Defense DSN Deep Space Network

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Assessment of Mission Size Trade-offs for NASA’s Earth and Space Science Missions EMI electromagnetic interference EO-1 Earth Orbiter-1 EOS Earth Observing System EOS-AM Earth Observing System Morning Satellite (now Terra) EOS-CHEM Earth Observing System Chemistry Satellite EOS-PM Earth Observing System Afternoon Satellite (now Aqua) ESA European Space Agency ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder (program) EUVE Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer FAME Full-Sky Astrometric Mapping Explorer FAST Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer FBC faster-better-cheaper FIRST Far Infrared and Submillimeter Telescope FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer GALEX Galaxy Evolution Explorer GCRP Global Change Research Program GEC Global Electrodynamic Constellation GGS Global Geospace Science (program) GLAST Gamma Ray Large Area Space Telescope GO guest observer GOES geostationary operational environmental satellites GP-B Gravity Probe-B GPS Global Positioning System GR general relativity GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center HESSI High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager HETE High-Energy Transfer Explorer HIRS High-Resolution Infrared Sounder HST Hubble Space Telescope ICESat Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite IIP Instrument Incubator Program IMAGE Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration IMAS Integrated Multispectral Atmospheric Sounder IMEX Inner Magnetosphere Explorer IMP Interplanetary Monitoring Platform INTEGRAL International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory IPO Integrated Program Office ISEE International Sun-Earth Explorer ISM interstellar medium ISTP International Solar-Terrestrial Physics program JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna

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Assessment of Mission Size Trade-offs for NASA’s Earth and Space Science Missions MAP Microwave Anisotropy Probe MCO Mars Climate Observer MIDEX Medium Explorer (program) MMS Magnetospheric Multi Scale MO&DA mission operations and data analysis MoO mission of opportunity MPL Mars Polar Lander NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NEAR Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous NGST Next Generation Space Telescope NMS Neutral Mass Spectrometer NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council NSTC National Science and Technology Council OSS Office of Space Science (NASA) PI principal investigator PIDDP Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer R&A research and analysis ROSAT Roentgen Satellite RXTE Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer SAMPEX Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer SAR synthetic aperture radar SAX Satellite per Astronomìa in Raggi X SDI Strategic Defense Initiative SeaWiFS Sea Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor SEC Sun-Earth Connection SIM Space Interferometry Mission SIRTF Space Infrared Telescope Facility SME Solar Mesosphere Explorer SMEX Small Explorer (program) SNOE Student Nitric Oxide Experiment (program) SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SSB Space Studies Board SSTI Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative STD science and technology definition STEDI Student Explorer Demonstration Initiative STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory STP Solar-Terrestrial Probe STScI Space Telescope Science Institute

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Assessment of Mission Size Trade-offs for NASA’s Earth and Space Science Missions SWAS Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite TERRIERS Tomographic Experiment Using Radiative Recombinative Ionospheric Extreme Ultraviolet and Radio Sources TIMED Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TPF Terrestrial Planet Finder TRACE Transition Region and Coronal Explorer TRMM Tropical Rainfall Mapping Mission UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UNEX University Class Explorer (program) USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USRA Universities Space Research Association VLA Very Large Array WIRE Wide-field InfraRed Explorer XEUS X-ray Evolving Universe Spectroscopy mission XMM X-ray Multi-Mirror mission