TABLE 1.1 Participants and Phases of Participation

 

Phase of Project

Participant/Function

Predesign

Design

Construction

Post-construction

Client Group (Internal)

Client Team

 

 

 

 

Project manager

X

X

X

X

User representative

X

X

X

X

Budget authority

X

X

X

X

Others

 

 

 

 

Users

X

X

X

X

Administrators-senior, finance

X

X

X

X

Environmental Health & Safety officer

X

X

X

X

Facilities operations representativea

X

X

X

X

External relations representative

X

X

X

X

Special Consultantsb,c

X

X

X

X

Commissioning Expertb 

 

 

 

X

Design Group (External)

Architectural and Engineering Firmb

X

X

X

X

Engineering firm

X

X

X

X

Consultants

X

X

X

 

Engineers/Specialists HVAC, fire, ADA, EPA, codes, etc.

X

X

 

X

Facilities Programmerb

X

 

 

 

Construction Group (External)

General Contractorb

 

 

X

 

Subcontractors

 

 

X

 

Suppliers

 

 

X

 

Suppliersb

 

 

X

 

Larger Community Group

Impacted Nonusers (Internal)

X

X

X

X

Public (External)

 

 

 

 

Neighbors

X

X

X

X

Environmental groups

X

X

X

X

Government (External)

 

 

 

 

Local

X

X

X

X

County

X

X

X

X

Regional

X

X

X

X

State

X

X

X

X

Federal

X

X

X

X

Public Utilities (External)

X

X

X

X

a Includes client's architect, design and construction, utilities, and operations and maintenance divisions.

b Hired by client.

c Includes environmental site assessor, geotechnical consultant, community relations expert, construction manager, and cost expert.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement