technical consultant, commissioning expert, community relations expert, insurers, technical risk managers, and acoustical engineer.

Because of the size of the client group, it is advisable to engage a construction management individual or firm, especially for large projects. It may also be advisable to engage an independent cost expert to work with the design professionals and the internal staff to properly evaluate what the costs will be.

It is also advisable to engage a building commissioning expert as a consultant to evaluate the finished product to ensure that it meets design specifications and operates as planned, and that the client's facilities management division knows how to run and maintain it. These independent commissioning firms can provide important added value in meeting these goals.

During the project the client group will form committees and teams with members of the design group, as discussed in Chapter 2. The active and timely participation of all involved parties is critical to completing a successful project. The qualifications of all professionals engaged in the project should be thoroughly reviewed.

Design Group

The predesign/design group, illustrated in Figure 1.2, is composed of an architectural firm (or an equivalent design professional firm), engineers, and special consultants such as fire specialists, environmental consultants, code consultants, and EH&S specialists. (Design professional firms include architectural, architectural and engineering (A&E), engineering, and laboratory programming and design firms. Whether the design work will be carried out by an architectural or a laboratory planning firm will depend on the expertise of the architectural firm engaged.)

Because laboratory facilities are complex, technically sophisticated, and mechanically intensive structures, the choice of a design professional firm is critical. To understand the client's needs and to know what is necessary for an effective laboratory, the design professional firm should have had significant practical experience in laboratory design, construction, or renovation. Thus the firm should have successfully completed at least one laboratory construction or renovation project in the relevant scientific area. The committee found that successful completion of a laboratory in one scientific area (medical laboratory or synthetic organic, for example) does not necessarily demonstrate competence for a laboratory project in another scientific area. Methods for finding appropriately qualified design professional firms include interviews with firms, visits to completed projects at other institutions, and consultation with previous clients of prospective design firms.

In selecting a firm, it is very important to ensure the engagement of a specific, experienced individual in the firm as well as the commitment of the firm to provide adequate resources for the project. It is also important to ensure that the

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