Index

A

Access and egress, 21, 69-70, 72, 79-80, 86-87

corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 96, 102, 145

disabled persons, 13, 21, 71, 79, 87-88

elevators, 84, 86, 87-88

fume hoods, 92

Access and egress control, 19, 68, 80-81

Administrators and administration, see Managers and management

Advisory boards, 23, 40

Aesthetics, 21

landscaping, 21, 77, 109, 117

Air quality, see Clean Air Act;

Chemical vapor emissions;

Fume hoods;

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 21, 79, 87-88, 92, 93

Architects, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12-13, 27, 33, 59, 118-119

American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140

construction phase, 48-49

facility inventories, 35

facility program, 35

landscaping, 119

predesign phase, 32

schematic design phase, 41, 111-112

selection process, 137-142

Architect project manager, 49, 61

The Architect's Handbook of Professional Practices, 47

As-builts, 6, 54, 56, 58, 143

B

Bathrooms, see Rest rooms

Benchmarking, 33-34, 36, 108

cost factors, 34, 108

defined, 143

fume hoods, 66

space planning, 34, 36

Bids, bidding, 5, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 124

Brooks Act, 137

Budgetary factors, see Cost factors

Building codes and permits, 6, 12, 14, 37, 60-62, 75, 77-78, 85-86, 87, 105, 117

defined, 143

Building commissioning, 5, 6, 54-55, 56, 58, 123-124

client groups and teams, 54-55

defined, 143

experts, 11-12



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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product Index A Access and egress, 21, 69-70, 72, 79-80, 86-87 corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 96, 102, 145 disabled persons, 13, 21, 71, 79, 87-88 elevators, 84, 86, 87-88 fume hoods, 92 Access and egress control, 19, 68, 80-81 Administrators and administration, see Managers and management Advisory boards, 23, 40 Aesthetics, 21 landscaping, 21, 77, 109, 117 Air quality, see Clean Air Act; Chemical vapor emissions; Fume hoods; Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 21, 79, 87-88, 92, 93 Architects, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 12-13, 27, 33, 59, 118-119 American Institute of Architects, 1, 42, 44, 45, 119, 138, 140 construction phase, 48-49 facility inventories, 35 facility program, 35 landscaping, 119 predesign phase, 32 schematic design phase, 41, 111-112 selection process, 137-142 Architect project manager, 49, 61 The Architect's Handbook of Professional Practices, 47 As-builts, 6, 54, 56, 58, 143 B Bathrooms, see Rest rooms Benchmarking, 33-34, 36, 108 cost factors, 34, 108 defined, 143 fume hoods, 66 space planning, 34, 36 Bids, bidding, 5, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 124 Brooks Act, 137 Budgetary factors, see Cost factors Building codes and permits, 6, 12, 14, 37, 60-62, 75, 77-78, 85-86, 87, 105, 117 defined, 143 Building commissioning, 5, 6, 54-55, 56, 58, 123-124 client groups and teams, 54-55 defined, 143 experts, 11-12

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product Building Officials and Code Administrators International, 62 By-pass hoods, 98 defined, 144 C Cabinets, 39, 71, 83, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 121 Casework, 72, 89, 93, 94, 104, 109, 116, 118 Central utility shafts, 97, 144 Chambers of commerce, 24 Champion, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 27 defined, 144 Change orders, 5, 6, 28, 52-53, 56, 115, 144 contingencies and, 7, 122 cost of, 52-53, 114, 115 defined, 144 record drawings, 115 sources of, 51 Chemical hygiene plan, 64-65, 67 Chemical vapor emissions, 63-64 see also Fume hoods Clean Air Act, 62 Client budget authorities, 10, 11, 46, 144 Client groups and teams, 3, 8, 9, 30, 40, 73, 112 building commissioning, 54-55 defined, 144 design and construction documents, 39, 41, 45 -46 membership, 11 phases of participation, 10, 30-31, 32, 39, 41, 43, 44-46, 48, 53, 55 sociological factors, 11, 15, 16 Client project leader, 32 Client project managers, 3, 11, 14, 144 defined, 144 phases of participation, 10 Client user representatives, 3, 4, 11, 27 champion and, 9 defined, 16, 144 phases of participation, 10, 30-31, 32, 40, 41, 48, 50-51 role of, 16-17, 31 Codes, see Regulatory issues Communication factors, 2, 4, 5, 14, 15, 58 construction phase, 46-47 design and documentation, 39, 40, 46 equipment, 95, 101 information technology, 16, 17, 19, 121 mass media, 4, 24 postconstruction interactions, 56 predesign, 32-33 public education, 4, 20-21, 24 regulatory authorities, 7, 61, 124 Community relations, 2-4, 7, 8, 14, 15, 20-27 chambers of commerce, 24 consultants, 23-24 phases of participation, 10, 53 postconstruction interactions, 56 public education, 4, 20-21, 24 rumor control and risk communication, 25 zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120, 147 Computer technology, see Information technology Conditions assessments, 58, 144 Conference rooms, 19, 80 Construction documents, 39, 45-46 Construction groups and teams, 8, 13-14, 48-49, 52-53, 55 partnering, 50 Construction phase, 46-53 contingencies, 122 cost factors, 51-53, 113-115, 122 change orders, 6, 52-53, 114, 115 documentation, 38-39, 45-46, 47, 49, 87-88, 112; see also Change orders foundations of buildings, 51, 116-117 scheduling, 13, 46, 47, 50, 51-52, 114 Consultants, 3, 4, 11-13, 118-120 community relations, 23-24 contingencies, 122, 124 cost estimators, 12, 38 design, selection process, 137-142 hazardous materials, 67-68 insurance, 121-122 phases of participation, 10, 32-33 see also Architects; Engineers Contamination, see Hazardous materials Contingencies, 7, 122-123, 124 Contractors and contracting, 4, 13-14, 27, 51 bids, bidding, 6, 29, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 121, 124 building commissioning, 54, 55 construction documentation, 45-46, 47; see also Change orders general contractors, 3, 4, 10, 13, 27, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 112-113, 118 partnering, 50 phases of participation, 10, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 52

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product procedural guidelines, 47 selection, 13, 47-48 subcontractors, 5, 10, 13, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 112-113, 114, 115, 118 see also Consultants Contracts, contract documents architect, 55, 119, 140 construction, 47, 113 Corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 96, 102, 145 Cost factors, 1, 6, 51-53, 57, 58, 103-124 benchmarking, 34, 108 bidding, 6, 29, 39, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47-48, 52, 113-114, 115, 118, 121, 124 budget authorities, 10, 11, 28 community relations, 21, 23 construction phase, 51-53, 106-107, 112, 113-115, 122 change orders, 3, 6, 23, 24, 52-53, 113, 114, 115 nonbuilding costs, 116-122 contingencies, 122-123, 124 design development phase, 5, 6, 31, 44, 72-73, 111-113, 122 energy use and conservation, 66-67, 109-110 environmental health and safety, 103-104 estimates, 7, 30, 37-38, 124; see also ''bidding" supra expert estimators, 12, 38 flexibility, 19, 42-43, 74-75, 108-109 floor layout, 81-83 floor loading, 102 fume hoods, 90 funding, 6, 57, 58 heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 66-67, 103, 108, 110 insurance, 121-122 life-cycle, 57, 107, 108, 110, 112, 146 modular design, 19, 42-43, 81-82 postoccupancy evaluations, 56 predesign and, 7, 30, 36, 104-105, 110-111, 124 regulatory, 103-104, 117, 120 renovation vs new construction, 38, 105-106 schematic design, 6, 42, 111-112 ventilation systems, 66-67, 103 D Demolition, 116 Design groups and teams, 8, 12-13, 27, 111, 114-115 defined, 145 phases of participation, 10, 31, 32-33, 48-49, 50-51, 55 see also Architects; Engineers Design phase, 5, 38-46 alternative designs, 36-37, 38, 112, 124 building commissioning, 54 cost factors, 6, 44, 72-73, 111-113, 122, 124 design considerations, 59, 72-103 generic laboratory designs, 42-43, 81-82, 88, 89, 91, 100, 108-109, 145 mock-ups, 16, 44, 118, 119 computer design models, 16, 43, 44 modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146 schematic design, 6, 39, 40, 41-43, 111-112 Desks, 42, 72, 89 Diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81, 145 see also Drawings Disabled persons, 13, 21, 71, 79, 87-88 fume hoods, 92, 93 Documentation, 58 client groups and teams, 39, 40, 45-46 construction documents, 38-39, 45-46, 47, 49, 112; see also Change orders design/documentation phase, 5, 38, 39-40, 41-46, 111-115 diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81, 145 drawings, 32, 37, 40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 55, 111, 112 shop, 49, 51, 114-115 facility evaluations, inventories, and programs, 34-36, 53-58, 145 floor layout, 81-82 operations and maintenance manuals, 55, 58, 146 predesign phase, 34-38 verification, 5, 6 Drawings, 37, 40, 43, 45, 46, 56, 111, 112, 147 as-builts, 6, 54, 56 code compliance, 44 diagrams, 35-36, 79, 80-81 existing condition, 32 shop, 49, 51, 114-115

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product E Earthquakes, 61, 74 Economic factors community relations, 27 see also Cost factors; Funding Educational outreach, see Public education Egress, see Access and egress EH&S, see Environmental health and safety Electrical systems, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems Elevation, 44 defined, 145 Elevators, 84, 86, 87-88 Emergency planning, 22, 25-26, 56, 69-70, 95-96 earthquakes, 61, 74 equipment, 70-71 fire prevention and response, 61, 62, 85-86, 87 Employment issues, see Occupational safety and health Energy use and conservation, 66-67, 109-110 Engineers, 1, 3, 11, 12, 13, 111-112, 119 phases of participation, 10, 40, 49 Entrances, see Access and egress Environmental health and safety (EH&S), 2, 6, 7, 11, 59-73, 124 building commissioning, 54-55, 60 community relations, 14, 22, 25-26 cost factors, 103-104 facility inventories, 35 hazardous materials, 16, 22, 61, 62, 63-64, 67-68, 70, 71, 85-86, 87, 88; see also Fume hoods phases of participation, 3, 10, 31-32, 40, 45, 53, 54-55, 60 regulations, 59, 60-64, 64-65, 69, 70 waste disposal, 21, 63 see also Access and egress; Occupational safety and health Environmental impact assessments, 22, 120 Environmental Protection Agency, 63-64 Evaluation, facilities, see Facility evaluations; Postoccupancy evaluations Existing conditions, 145 Exits, see Access and egress Eyewash fountains, 70 F Facility evaluations defined, 145 postconstruction phase, 53-58 postoccupancy evaluations, 55-56, 146 predesign phase, 30, 34-35 Facility inventories, 30, 35 defined, 145 Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 62 Fire prevention and response, 61, 62, 85-86, 87 Flexibility, 19, 33, 74-75, 108-109, 133 defined, 145 modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146 Flooring, 94 Floor loading, 95, 102. 145 Floor planning, 43, 73, 80-84 open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146 Floor plates. 42, 101, 145 Floor-to-floor height, 78, 101-102, 145 Focus groups. 15-16 Food services, 19 Footprints, 78, 81, 85, 145 Foundations of buildings, 51, 116-117 Fume hoods, 44, 54, 64, 65-67, 72, 79, 88, 90-93, 95, 97-99, 101, 109-110, 144, 147 Funding, 6, 57, 58, 104-105 see also Cost factors Furniture, 20, 89, 93-94, 120-121 desks, 42, 72, 89 G Generic laboratory designs, 42-43, 81-82, 89, 91, 108-109, 145 Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 74 H Handicapped persons, see Disabled persons Hazardous materials, 16, 22, 61, 62, 63-64, 67-68, 70, 71, 85-86, 87, 88, 99-100 sociological factors, 72 see also Fume hoods

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product Health issues, see Environmental health and safety; Occupational safety and health Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 13, 54, 66-67, 76-77, 78-79, 83, 88, 90, 93, 95, 97-98, 103 codes, 61-62 cost factors, 66-67, 103, 108 liability issues, 66-67 makeup air, 92, 95, 97, 98, 146 manifold exhaust systems, 98-99, 101, 146 see also Chemical vapor emissions; Fume hoods Height, buildings, 75, 78 Human factors, see Managers and management; Sociological issues I Information technology, 19, 101, 121 design models, 16, 43, 44 use of, 16, 17 Insurance, 121-122 Interaction diagrams, 79, 80-81, 145 International Conference of Building Officials, 62, 148 Interstitial space, 78, 96, 101-102 defined, 145-146 L Landscaping, 21, 77, 109, 117, 119 Leadership, see Champions; Managers and management Legal issues, see Building codes and permits; Contractors and contracts; Legislation, specific; Liability; Regulatory issues Legislation, specific Americans with Disabilities Act, 21, 77, 79, 86, 87-88, 93 Brooks Act, 137 Clean Air Act, 62, 63, 77 Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 62 National Environmental Policy Act, 22 Occupational Safety and Health Act, 69 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 62, 63 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 22, 62 see also Regulatory issues Less Is Better, Laboratory Chemical Management for Waste Reduction, 63 (n. 1) Liability issues, 46-47, 121 insurance, 121-122 ventilation systems, 66-67 Libraries, 19-20, 41 Life-cycle costs, 57, 107, 108, 110, 112 defined, 146 Lighting, 20, 91, 94 Liquid effluents, 64 Loading docks, 80, 87 Local issues, see Building codes and permits; Community relations; Zoning M Maintenance, see Operations and maintenance Makeup air, 92, 95, 97, 98, 146 Managers and management, 1, 3, 11 advisory boards, 23, 40 construction, 13, 39, 119-120 phases of participation, 10 see also Champion; Client project managers; Communication factors Manifold exhaust systems, 98-99, 101, 146 Manuals, see Operations and maintenance (manuals) Mass media, 4, 24 Master plans, 25, 26, 30, 32, 33, 58 defined, 146 Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems, 73, 75, 76-77, 84, 95, 96-97, 100-101 central utility shafts, 96, 144 construction documents, 45 cost factors, 103, 117 defined, 146, 147 design development phase, 43 elevators, 84, 86, 87-88 energy use and conservation, 109-110 fume hoods, 90-91 utility chases, 96-97, 147 variable air volume systems, 97-98, 147 see also Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product Media, see Mass media Meeting rooms, see Conference rooms Mixed use, 3, 15, 18 Mock-ups, 16, 44, 118, 119 computer design models, 16, 43, 44 Modular designs, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 93 defined, 146 N National Environmental Policy Act, 22 National Institute of Building Science, 55 O Occupational safety and health, 2, 64-72, 133 building commissioning, 54-55 construction phase, 49 disabled workers, 71, 79, 87-88 fume hoods, 54, 64, 65-67, 72, 90, 91, 92, 93, 97-99, 101, 109-110 heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, 54, 61, 66-67, 78-79, 83, 88, 90, 93, 97-98, 103-104 safety showers, 70 see also Access and egress; Environmental health and safety Occupational Safety and Health Act, 69 Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 64-65, 70 Offices, 82-83, 89 facility inventories, 35 sociological factors, 18 windows, 18, 79, 89, 116 Open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146 safety, 72 Operations and maintenance, 20, 28, 53 cost factors, 107, 110 funding and staffing, 6, 57 life-cycle costs, 57, 107, 146 manuals, 6, 55, 58, 146 phases of participation in design, 10, 31-32, 40 P Parking, 21, 51 Partnering, 50 Pay Now or Pay Later: Controlling Costs of Ownership from Design Throughout the Service Life of Public Buildings, 57 Permits, see Building codes and permits Planning alternatives, 36-37, 38, 112, 124 Plumbing systems, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems Postconstruction phase, 53-58 see also Operation and maintenance Postoccupancy evaluations, 55-56 defined, 146 Predesign phase, 2, 4, 5, 6, 18, 28, 30-38, 39, 58, 79 budget, 7, 30, 36, 104-105, 124 cost factors, 110-111 documentation, 34-38 lacking, 40 participants, 30-33 Privacy, 19, 70 Procedural guidelines, 5, 30-33, 39-40, 47-48 Project groups and teams defined, 147 see also Client groups and teams; Construction groups and teams; Design groups and teams Project leader, 11 Project managers, see Architect project manager; Client project manager Architect project manager, 49 Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals, 56, 63 (n. 1), 67 Public education, 4, 20-21, 24 mass media, 4, 24 R Regulatory issues, 6, 25, 59, 60-63, 75, 105 building codes and permits, 6, 12, 14, 37, 60-62, 75, 77-78, 85-86, 87, 105, 117, 143 cost factors, 103-104, 117, 120 communications with authorities, 7, 49, 124 makeup air, 92-93, 97, 98, 146 occupational safety and health, 64-65, 69, 70 zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120, 147 see also Environmental health and safety; Legislation, specific; Standards

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product Renovation, per se, 31-32, 33, 37, 74, 109 benchmarking, 34 modular design, 42-43 new construction vs, 38, 73, 75-76, 105-106 sociology of, 14, 16, 17 temporary facilities during, 17 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 62, 63 Rest rooms, 20 S Safety issues, see Environmental health and safety; Occupational safety and health Scheduling, 30, 31, 38, 105, 106-107 accelerated, 13, 47 construction phase, 13, 46, 47, 50, 51-52, 114 designer selection and, 137-138, 139, 140-141, 142 mock-up construction, 118 planning, 16-17 renovation, 17, 38, 123 Schematic design, 39, 40, 41-43, 111-112 cost factors, 6, 42, 111-112 Security, 20, 79-81, 88 see also Access and egress control Seismic activity, see Earthquakes Service corridors, 84, 96, 147 Site selection, 32, 75, 76-78, 116 Sociological issues, 2, 3, 4, 14-21, 27, 75, 79-80, 82-83, 84 assembly areas, 19 atriums, 87 champions, 2, 144 client groups and teams, 15, 16 client user representatives, 16-17, 31 focus groups, 15-16 food services, 19 information technology, 16, 17, 19 interaction diagrams, 80-81, 145 schematic design phase, 42 see also Community relations; Environmental health and safety; Occupational safety and health Southern Building Code Congress International, 62 Space planning, 3, 18-20, 31, 41, 42, 73, 80-86 assembly areas, 19 atriums, 87 benchmarking, 33-34, 36 building height, 75, 78 conference rooms, 19, 80 corridors, 20, 34, 83, 84-86, 102 environmental health and safety, 70-71, 72 facility programs, 35-36 floor planning, 43, 73, 80-84 open laboratories, 18, 33, 72, 146 floor plates, 42, 145 floor-to-floor height, 78, 101-102, 145 footprints, 78, 81, 145 fume hoods, 92 interaction diagrams, 80-81, 145 interstitial spaces, 78, 96, 101-102, 145-146 modular design, 3, 19, 42-43, 81-82, 83, 93, 146 offices, 18, 82-83, 89 open laboratories, 18, 72, 146 private space, 19 public space, 3, 15; see also Landscaping schematic design, 42 storage, 18, 20, 21, 42, 70-71, 83, 87 structural grids, 81, 95, 101-102, 147 Standards aesthetic, 21 area requirements, 36 facility program summaries, 36, 56 occupational safety and health, 64-65, 69, 70 operations and maintenance manuals, 55, 58, 146 see also Benchmarking; Building codes and permits; Legislation, specific; Regulatory issues Stewardship plans, 5, 6, 57, 58 Storage, 18, 20, 21, 42, 70-71, 83, 87 cabinets, 39, 71, 83, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 121 casework, 72, 89, 93, 94, 104, 109, 116, 118 Strategic plans, 33 defined, 147 predesign phase, 30, 32, 33 Structural grids, 81, 95, 101-102 defined, 147 Subcontractors, 5, 10, 13, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 112-113, 114, 115, 118 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, 22, 62 Sustainability, 109-110

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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product T Temporary facilities, 17, 123 Toilets, see Rest rooms Traffic flow, 18, 85-86 interim traffic, 51 see also Access and egress; Corridors; Elevators Transportation services, 21, 80, 85-86, 87, 88 U User representatives, see Client user representatives Utilities, see Mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems Utility chases, 96-97, 147 V Vapor emissions, see Chemical vapor emissions Variable air volume systems, 97, 147 Ventilation, see Chemical vapor emissions; Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning Vibration, 18, 95, 102, 103 W Windows, 18, 21, 79, 83, 89, 116, 118 Z Zoning, 14, 74, 75, 77-78, 105, 120 defined, 147