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Laboratory Design, Construction, and Renovation: Participants, Process, and Product
BOX 2.2 Steps in Conducting a Facility Inventory
Identify and categorize the spaces occupied by laboratory and laboratory support functions by
a. type (laboratory, laboratory support, special support, offices, office support) and
b. adjacencies (what laboratories and laboratory support functions are adjacent).
Identify the area occupied by various research groups.
Evaluate existing conditions for
a. Physical structure,
b. Code compliance,
c. Available services,
d. Presence of hazardous materials,
e. Site utility capacity, and
f. Building systems capacity.
dards. If the proposed project is to include a new building, the predesign phase should include an inventory of existing research facilities. This inventory can be used to compare the proposed building specifications with the existing research facility's size, composition, and usage. An inventory of the existing facility would at a minimum provide a valuable database of the current uses and occupancy of existing research laboratories, laboratory support spaces, and offices. The existing-conditions evaluation should be completed by an architect with the assistance of consulting engineers, representatives from the facilities/operation department, and the research institution's EH&S office. To the extent possible, the project leader should monitor the progress of the inventory. See Box 2.2 for a list of possible steps in conducting a facility inventory.
The facility program is the document that describes the proposed project's area, function, laboratory components, laboratory services, and environmental requirements. It is developed from a series of interviews by the design professional with research facility users or their representative(s). The facility program can be a summary of space requirements or a detailed inventory. The summary is typically a list of space types, quantities, and space allocations. The detailed facility program usually includes a program summary supported by diagrams of space types and detailed data worksheets of function, anticipated activities, proposed fixed and movable laboratory furnishings and equipment, proposed laboratory services, and required environmental characteristics (e.g., temperature, relative humidity, lighting levels). The purpose of the diagrams is to provide a graphic representation of the area allocated for each space type; they