approve the general form of design early in the design development phase. The members of the client group, including the client's special consultants, EH&S representative, and representatives of the organizations facilities/operation department, should also be involved. Again, the client team should carry out timely and rigorous design verification of all documents developed during this phase. Each user is responsible for verifying the design of his or her specially designated spaces.

Construction Documents

During the construction documents phase, the design group completes the documents required by the contractor to build or renovate the laboratory facilities. With a few exceptions all documentation completed prior to this phase is used to help establish the scope and design of the research facility and communicate them to the client team and client group. Based on the previously completed design development drawings, the construction documents incorporate any revisions required as a result of the design verification process and any adjustments to the scope of the project. Box 2.7 indicates the scope and purpose of these documents.

If all design decisions were made and all design approvals were obtained during the design development phase, then the architect and engineers can focus on developing construction documents that are consistent with the previously approved design documents. However, research laboratory facility projects require a substantial amount of coordination among the various project components, including architectural, structural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection systems and equipment. Because laboratory constructions or renovations typically involve many more details than do other building projects, the construction documents phase requires continued contact and interaction with

BOX 2.7 Construction Documents Phase

  • Construction documents communicate to the client, in detail, what the project involves.

  • They establish the contractual obligations of the client and the contractor during the project, and they describe the responsibilities of the architect or any other party administering or managing construction contracts for the owner.

  • They may be the basis for obtaining regulatory and financial approvals needed to proceed with construction.

  • They communicate the quantities, qualities, and configuration of the work required to construct the project. The contractor, in turn, uses the documents to solicit bids or quotations from subcontractors and suppliers.

Source: Excerpted from American Institute of Architects (1993), p. 703.

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