FIGURE 1-2 Expansion of harmful algal bloom (HAB) problems in the United States. These maps depict the HAB outbreaks known before and after 1972. This is not meant to be an exhaustive compilation of all events, but rather an indication of major or recurrent HAB episodes. In addition to the toxic impacts shown, harmful microalgal and macroalgal species have caused whale and other marine mammal mortalities, occasional anoxia, habitat destruction, and a general decline in coastal aesthetics in many coastal areas during the last 20 years. Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning = NSP, paralytic shellfish poisoning = PSP, and amnesic shellfish poisoning = ASP (Anderson 1995).