• plans for addressing concentrated animal feeding operations as included in the unified EPA/U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Animal Feeding Operations Strategy. At the end of 1999, USDA and EPA had developed the Strategy, with the primary goal of implementing comprehensive nutrient management plans at all animal feeding operations by 2008. The strategy includes technical assistance and back-up regulatory approaches.

  • proposes several incentives to reduce polluted runoff, including encouragement of growth management (or “smart growth”) and use of financial incentives to encourage farmers and ranchers to voluntarily remove sensitive lands from agricultural use. At the end of 1999, approximately $976 million in federal funds had been committed to six states that had signed up to participate in the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program.

  • outlines efforts to increase access to the many different sources of data and information generated by federal programs through a new internet-based Water Information Network. During 1999, the first version of the Water Information Network was released to the public and refinements are continuing.

potential impacts, could provide much needed information to both local managers and national policy makers. Specific actions to increase coordination at all levels would include:

  • Increase Attention Given to Atmospheric Deposition of Nutrients—Due to the geographic extent of airsheds (often many times larger than the watersheds that managers use as boundaries), federal programs, such as EPA’s Great Waters program, are encouraged to increase their efforts to quantify atmospheric deposition of nutrients to the nation’s coastal waters. Local programs should be encouraged to participate in a national monitoring program (such as the National Atmospheric Deposition Program) through offers of technical and funding assistance for development of monitoring sites, sample collection and analyses, and data analyses and interpretation. (The existing NADP database could be considered as the core for data management of atmospheric deposition.)

  • Consider Need for Nutrient Management During Reauthorization of the Clean Water, Clean Air, and Coastal Zone Management Acts—Obviously, the movement and concentration of nutrients among the biosphere, atmosphere, and freshwater and marine



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