1. What instrument technologies are currently planned for the conduct of these observations?

  2. Have new payload technologies emerged that can reduce cost, payload mass, power requirements, other interface needs (views of cold space for radiative cooling, views of celestial objects for calibration, thermal dissipation, etc.), and/or data communications needs with respect to those that are planned?

  3. Have new spacecraft technologies emerged that can enhance payload mass, power, and volume fractions or reduce overall system costs?

  4. As a result of technological advances, are there new ways of aggregating or parsing sensor systems (including satellite constellations) that can offer advantages in the cost or effectiveness of Earth observations?

  5. If such ways exist, what are their implications for the future of MTPE, POES/DMSP, and GOES in terms of both spacecraft and ground system configurations?

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