E Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ALI

Advanced Land Imager

ALT

Altimeter

AMSR

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer

AMSR-E

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (EOS version)

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

AO

Announcement of Opportunity

APL

Applied Physics Laboratory

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


CERES

Clouds and the Earth's Radiation Energy System

CMIS

Conical Microwave Imager/Sounder

CPU

Central Processing Unit

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder

CZCS

Coastal Zone Color Scanner


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DCS

Data Collection System

DFA

Dual-Frequency Radar Altimeter

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense


EDR

Environmental Data Record

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EO-1

Earth Orbiter-1

EOS

Earth Observing System

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

EOSAT

Earth Observation Satellite Company

ERBS

Earth Radiation Budget Sensor/Satellite



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The Role of Small Satellites in NASA and NOAA Earth Observation Programs E Acronyms and Abbreviations ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing Satellite AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder ALI Advanced Land Imager ALT Altimeter AMSR Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (EOS version) AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit AO Announcement of Opportunity APL Applied Physics Laboratory ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer CERES Clouds and the Earth's Radiation Energy System CMIS Conical Microwave Imager/Sounder CPU Central Processing Unit CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DCS Data Collection System DFA Dual-Frequency Radar Altimeter DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOD U.S. Department of Defense EDR Environmental Data Record ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation EO-1 Earth Orbiter-1 EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System EOSAT Earth Observation Satellite Company ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Sensor/Satellite

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The Role of Small Satellites in NASA and NOAA Earth Observation Programs ESA European Space Agency ESE Earth Science Enterprise ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites FOO Flight of Opportunity FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer GEM Graphite Epoxy Motor GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System GLI Global Imager GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPS Global Positioning System GPSOS Global Positioning System Occultation Sensor GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GTO Geo-Transfer Orbit HAPS Hydrazine Auxiliary Propulsion System HIRDLS High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder HSB Humidity Sounder for Brazil ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile ICESat Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite IDIQ Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity IELV Intermediate-size Expendable Launch Vehicle ILAS Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer IPO Integrated Program Office JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study JMR Jason Microwave Imager JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory Landsat Land Remote Sensing Satellite LEO Low Earth Orbit LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor LMLV-3 Lockheed Martin Launch Vehicle-3 Medlite Medium-Light Expendable Launch Vehicle MELV Medium Expendable Launch Vehicle MEPS Medium-Energy Particle Spectrometer METOP Meteorological Operational Polar Orbiter MIDEX Mid-size Explorer MISR Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MLS Microwave Limb Sounder MLELV Medium-Light Expendable Launch Vehicle (MedLite) MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectrometer MOPITT Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere MTF Modulation Transfer Function MTPE Mission to Planet Earth NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NMP New Millennium Program NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NSCAT NASA Scatterometer NWS National Weather Service ODUS Ozone Dynamics Ultraviolet Spectrometer OMPS Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite

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The Role of Small Satellites in NASA and NOAA Earth Observation Programs OSC Orbital Sciences Corporation PI Principal Investigator POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite POLDER Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectance PR Precipitation Radar QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer R&A Research and Analysis RPA-D Retarding Potential Analyzer-Driftmeter (or drift plasma sensor) RPU Repeater Processing Unit RSDO Rapid Spacecraft Development Office SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking SBRC Santa Barbara Research Center SeaWiFS Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor SELV Small Expendable Launch Vehicle SES Space Environmental Suite/Sensor SMEX Small Explorer SOLSTICE/SAVE Solar-Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment/Solar Atmospheric Variability Explorer SPARCLE Space Readiness Coherent Lidar Experiment SPOT Systeme Pour l'Observation de la Terre SPU Signal Processing Unit SST Sea Surface Temperature SSTI Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative STEP Space Test Experiment Program SWIR Short-Wave Infrared TDI Time-Delay Integration TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TIR Thermal Infrared TMI TRMM Microwave Imager TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOMS-EP Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer Earth Probe TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission TSI Total Solar Irradiance TSIS/M Total Solar Irradiance Sensor/Monitor VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imaging/Radiometer Suite VIRS Visible Infrared Scanner VNIR Visible and Near Infrared