of classical times, wrote a paper in the form of a letter to the king of his city explaining how to write such very large numbers. Archimedes, however, did not go so far as to invent the decimal system, with its potential for extending indefinitely.

22.  

Knuth, 1974, p. 323.

23.  

Steen, 1990. See Morrow and Kenney, 1998, for more perspectives on algorithms.

24.  

The ellipsis points “…” in the expression are a significant piece of abstract mathematical notation, compactly designating the omission of the terms needed (to reach m, in this case).

References

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Kaput,]. (1987). Representation systems and mathematics. In C.Janvier (Ed.), Problems of representation in the teaching and learning of mathematics (pp. 19–26). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

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Lakoff, G., & Núñez, R.E. (1997). The metaphorical structure of mathematics: Sketching out cognitive foundations for a mind-based mathematics. In L.D.English (Ed.), Mathematical reasoning: Analogies, metaphors, and images (pp. 21–89). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


Morrow, L.J., & Kenney, M.J. (Eds.). (1998). The teaching and learning of algorithms in school mathematics (1998 Yearbook of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics). Reston, VA: NCTM.


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