Box 4–3 Subtraction Using Sticks: Modeling 86–53=?

Begin with 8 bundles of 10 sticks along with 6 individual sticks. Because you cannot take away 9 individual sticks, open one bundle, creating 7 bundles of 10 sticks and 16 individual sticks. Take away 5 of the bundles (corresponding to subtracting 50), and take away 9 individual sticks (corresponding to subtracting 9). The number of remaining sticks—2 bundles and 7 individual sticks, or 27—is the answer.



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