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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. ESI-9816818 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Education and the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Adding it up: helping children learn mathematics/Jeremy Kilpatrick, Jane Swafford, and Bradford Findell, editors.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-06995-5 (hardcover)

1. Mathematics—Study and teaching (Elementary) —United States. 2. Mathematics—Study and teaching (Middle school) —United States. I. Kilpatrick, Jeremy. II. Swafford, Jane. III. Findell, Bradford.

QA135.5 .A32 2001

372.7–dc21

2001001734

Suggesed citation:

National Research Council. (2001). Adding it up: Helping children learn mathematics. J.Kilpatrick, J. Swafford, and B.Findell (Eds.). Mathematics Learning Study Committee, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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Printed in the United States of America.

Copyright 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.



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