Stoecker, B.J., B. Adeleye, and M.L. Davis-Whitenack. 1999. Interlevlein1 alpha-induced changes in chromium-51 absorption, tissue retention, and urinary excretion in rats. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 68:175-180.
Swenerton, H., and L.S. Hurley. 1980. Zinc deficiency in rhesus and bonnet monkeys, including effects on reproduction. J. Nutr. 110:575-583.
Tarantal, A.F., C.C. Willhite, B.L. Lasley, C.J. Murphy, C.J. Miller, M.J. Cukierski, S.A. Book, and A.G. Hendrickx. 1991. Developmental toxicity of L-selenomethionine in Macaca fascicularis. Fund. Appl. Toxicol. 19:147-160.
ten Cate, J.M. 1999. Current concepts on the theories of the mechanism of action of fluoride. Acta Odontol. Scand. 57:325-329.
Todd, J.R. 1969. Magnesium metabolism in ruminants: review of current knowledge. Pp. 131-140 in Trace Mineral Studies with Isotopes in Domestic Animals. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency.
Tomson, F.N., and R.R. Lotshaw. 1978. Hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia in lemurs. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 173:1103-1106.
Turnlund, J.R. 1999. Copper. Pp. 241-252 in Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed., M.E. Shils, J.A. Olson, M. Shike, and A.C. Ross, Eds. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ullrey, D.E. 1986. Nutrition of primates in captivity. Pp. 823-835 in Primates: The Road to Self-Sustaining Populations, K. Benirschke, Ed. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Umemura, T. 2000. Experimental reproduction of itai-itai disease, a chronic cadmium poisoning of humans, in rats and monkeys. Jpn. J. Vet Res. 48:15-28.
Underwood, E.J. 1977. Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. New York: Academic Press.
Underwood, E.J. 1981. The incidence of trace element deficiency diseases in humans and livestock. Philos. Trans. and Soc. Land Ser. B. Biol. Sci. 294:3-8.
Underwood, E.J., and N.F. Suttle. 1999. The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock, 3rd ed. New York: CABI Publishing.
Uphill, P.F., F. Jacob, and P. Lall. 1977. Vitamin B12 production by the gastro-intestinal microflora of baboons fed either a vitamin B12-deficient diet or a diet supplemented with vitamin B12. J. Appl. Bact. 43:333-344.
Vendeland, S.C., M.A. Beilstein, C.L. Chen, O.N. Jensen, E. Barofsky, and P.D. Whanger. 1993. Purification and properties of selenoprotein W from rat muscle . J. Biol. Chem. 268:17103-17107.
Vincent, J.B. 2000. The biochemistry of chromium. J. Nutr. 130:715-718.
Wagner, J.L., C. Jones, D.K. Hinkle, and D.L. Renquist. 1985. Zinc-induced copper deficiency in infant rhesus monkeys raised in corn cribs. Lab. Anim. Sci. 35:531-533.
Weaver, C.M., and R.P. Heaney. 1999. Calcium. Pp. 141-155 in Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th ed., M.E. Shils, J.A. Olson, M. Shike, and A.C. Ross, Eds. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Whedon, G.D., and E. Shorr. 1957. Metabolic studies in paralytic acute anterior poliomyelitis. Alterations in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. J. Clin. Invest. 1957:36:966-981.
Wise, A., and D.J. Gilburt. 1981. Variation of minerals and trace elements in laboratory animal diets. Lab. Anim. 15:299-303.
Wolcott, G.J., J.A. Valentine, and R.D. Celsul. 1973. Introduction of anemia in monkeys. Lab. Amin. 7:297-303.
Wolfe, L.C., R.J. Nicolosi, M.R. Renaud, J. Finger, M. Hegsted, H. Peter, and D. Nathan. 1989. A non-human primate model for the study of oral iron chelators. Brit. J. Haematol. 72:456-461.
Worthington, B.S., and C.O. Enwonwu. 1975. Functional variations in the ultrastructure of the thyroid gland in malnourished infant monkeys. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 28:66-75.
Yip, R., and P.R. Dallman. 1996. Iron. Pp 277-292 in Present Knowledge in Nutrition, 7th ed., E.E. Zeigler, and L.J Filer, Jr., Eds. Washington, DC: ILSI Press.
Zijp, I.M., O. Korver, and L.B. Tijburg. 2000. Effect of tea and other dietary factors on iron absorption. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 40:371-398.
Zook, B.C., and L.H. Paasch. 1980. Lead poisoning in zoo primates: environmental sources and neuropathologic findings. Pp. 143-152 in The Comparative Pathology of Zoo Animals, R.J. Montali and G. Migaki, Eds. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.