Whitten, A. 1982. Diet and feeding behavior of Kloss Gibbons on Siberut Island, Indonesia. Folia Primatol. 37:177-208.

Whitten, A.J. 1984. Ecological comparisons between Kloss gibbons and other small gibbons. Pp. 219-227 in The Lesser Apes: Evolutionary and Behavioural Biology, H. Preuschoft, D.J. Chivers, W.Y. Brockelman, and N. Creel, Eds. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Whitten, P.L. 1983. Diet and dominance among female vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). Am. J. Primatol. 5:139-159.

Whitten, P.L. 1988. Effects of patch quality and feeding subgroup size on feeding success in vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). Behaviour 105:35-52.

Williamson, E., C.E.G. Tutin, M.E. Rogers, and M. Fernandez. 1990. Composition of the diet of lowland gorillas at Lope in Gabon. Am. J. Primatol. 21:265-277.

Wilson, J.M., P.D. Stewart, G.S. Ramangason, A.M. Denning, and M.S. Hutchings. 1989. Ecology and conservation of the crowned lemur, Lemur coronatus, at Ankarana, N. Madagascar. Folia Primatol. 52:21-26.

Wolfheim, J.H., Ed. 1983. Primates of the World: Distribution, Abundance, and Conservation. Seattle: University Washington Press.

Wrangham, R. 1977. Feeding behaviour of chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Pp. 503-538 in Primate Ecology: Studies of Feeding and Ranging Behaviour in Lemurs, Monkeys, and Apes, T. Clutton-Brock, Ed. London: Academic Press.

Wrangham, R., N.L. Conklin-Brittain, and K.D. Hunt. 1998. Dietary response of chimpanzees and cercopithecines to seasonal variation in fruit abundance. I. Antifeedants. Int. J. Primatol. 19:949-970.

Wrangham, R.W., J.L . Gittleman, and C.A. Chapman. 1993. Constraints on group size in primates and carnivores: population density and day range as assays of exploitation competition. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 32:199-209.

Wrangham, R.W., and P.G. Waterman. 1981. Feeding behavior of vervet monkeys on Acacia tortilis and Acacia xanthophloea: with special reference to reproductive strategies and tannin production. J. Anim. Ecol. 50:715-731.

Wright, P.C. 1985. The Costs and Benefits of Nocturnality for Aotus trivirgatus (the Night Monkey). Ph.D. Dissertation. City University of New York.

Wright, P.C. 1981. The night monkeys, genus Aotus. Pp. 211-240 in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates, Vol. 1, A.F. Coimbra-Filho and R.A. Mittermeier, Eds. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciencias.

Wright, P.C. 1986. Diet, ranging behavior, and activity patterns of the gentle lemur (Hapalemur griseus) in Madagascar. Am. J. Phys. Anthro. 69:283-296.

Wright, P.C. 1989. The nocturnal primate niche in the New World. J. Hum. Evol. 18:635-658.

Wright, P.C. 1994. The behavior and ecology of the owl monkey. Pp. 97-112 in Aotus: The Owl Monkey, J. Baer, R.E. Weller, and I. Kakoma, Eds. New York: Academic Press.

Wright, P.C., and L.B. Martin. 1995. Predation, pollination, and torpor in two nocturnal prosimians: Cheirogaleus major and Microcebus rufus in the rain forest of Madagascar. Pp. 45-60 in Creatures of the Dark: the Nocturnal Prosimians, L. Alterman, D.A. Doyle, and K. Izard, eds. New York: Plenum Press.

Wright, P.C., and M. Randrimanantena. 1989. Comparative ecology of three sympatric bamboo lemurs in Madagascar. Am. J. Phys. Anthro. 78:327-335.

Wright, P.C., P.S. Daniels, D.M. Meyers, D.J. Overdorff, and J. Rabesoa. 1987. A census and study of Hapalemur and Propithecus in south eastern Madagascar. Primate Conserv. 8:84-87.

Yamagiwa, J., N. Mwanza, T. Yumoto, and T. Maruhashi. 1992. Travel distances and food habits of eastern lowland gorillas: a comparative analysis. Pp. 267-281 in Topics in Primatology, Vol. 2: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation, N. Itoigawa Y. Sugiyama, G.P. Sackett and R.K.R. Thompson, Eds. Tokyo: University Tokyo Press.

Yamagiwa, J., N. Mwanza, T. Yumoto, and T. Maruhashi. 1994. Seasonal change in the composition of the diet of eastern lowland gorillas. Primates 35:1-14.

Yamagiwa, J., T Maruhashi, T. Yumoto, and N. Mwanza. 1996. Dietary and ranging overlap in sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Zaire. Pp. 82-98 in Great Ape Societies, W. McGrew, L.F. Marchant, and T. Nishida, Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yamashita, N. 1996. Seasonality and site specificity of mechanical dietary patterns in two Malagasy lemur families (Lemuridae and Indriidae). Int. J. Primatol. 17:355-387.

Yang, D.H., and P.K. Zuu. 1990. A preliminary study on the food of Hylobates concolor concolor. Prim. Report 26:81-87.

Ye, Z., Y. Peng, Y. Zhang, and S. Liu. 1983. The Anatomy of the Golden Monkey. Kunming: Yunnan Science and Technology Press.

Yeager, C.P. 1989. Feeding ecology of the proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus). Int. J. Primatol. 10:497-529.

Yeager, C.P. 1996. Feeding ecology of the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. Int. J. Primatol. 17:51-62.


Zeeve, S.R. 1991. Behavior and Ecology of Primates in the Lomako Forest, Zaire. PhD. Dissertation. State Univ. of NY at Stoney Brook.

Zhao, Q., and Z. Deng. 1988. Ranging behavior of Macaca thibetana at Mt. Emei, China. Int. J.Primatol. 9:37-48.

Zhao, Q, Z. Deng, and J. Xu. 1991. Natural foods and their ecological implications for Macaca thibetana at Mount Enei, China. Folia Primatol. 57:1-15.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement