major pathway in pregnant or lactating adults and fetal or infant rhesus monkeys. J. Lipid Res. 37:2675-2686.
Innis, S.M. 1991. Essential fatty acids in growth and development. Progr. Lipid Res. 30:39-103.
Jensen, R.G., R.M. Clark, and A.M. Ferris. 1980. Composition of the lipids in human milk: a review. Lipids 15:345-355.
Kanazawa, A., T. Miyazawa, H. Hirono, M. Hayashi, and K. Fujimoto. 1991. Possible essentiality of docosahexaenoic acid in Japanese monkey neonates: occurrence in colostrum and low biosynthetic capacity in neonate brains. Lipids 26:53-57.
Kanazawa, A., M. Hayashi, and K. Fujimoto. 1995. Lipid profiles of cerebral gray matter and livers of macaque monkeys Macaca fascicularis and Macaca fuscata fuscata: a comparative study during development. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 110C:253-260.
Klein, R.L., and L.L. Rudel. 1983. Effect of dietary cholesterol level on the composition of thoracic duct lymph lipoproteins isolated from nonhuman primates. J. Lipid Res. 24:357-367.
Lin, D.S., G.J. Anderson, W.E. Connor, and M. Neuringer. 1994. Effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids upon the phospholipid molecular species of the monkey retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35:794-803.
Lin, D.S., W.E. Connor, G.J. Anderson, and M. Neuringer. 1990. Effects of dietary n-3 fatty acids on the phospholipid molecular species of monkey brain. J. Neurochem. 55:1200-1207.
Loew, F.M., B.Schiefer, V.A. Laxdal, K. Prasad, G.W. Forsyth, R.G. Ackman, and E.D. Olfert. 1978. Effects of plant and animal lipids rich in docosaenoic acids on the myocardium of cynomolgus monkeys. Nutr. Metab. 22:201-217.
Marmot, M.G. 1992. Coronary heart disease: rise and fall of a modern epidemic. Pp. 3-18 in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology, M. Marmot and P. Elliott, Eds., Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
McGill, H.C., Jr., C.A. McMahan, A.W. Kruski, and G.E. Mott. 1981. Relationship of lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations to experimental atherosclerosis in baboons. Arterioscler. 1:3-12.
Neuringer, M., W.E. Connor, D.S. Lin, L. Barstad, and S. Luck. 1986. Biochemical and functional effects of prenatal and postnatal ω-3 fatty acid deficiency on retina and brain in rhesus monkeys. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83:4021-4025.
Neuringer, M., W.E. Connor, C. van Pettern, and L. Barstad. 1984. Dietary omega-3 fatty acid deficiency and visual loss in infant rhesus monkeys. J. Clin. Invest. 73:272-276.
Portman, O.W., S.B. Andrus, D. Pollard, and D. Bruno. 1961. Effects of long-term feeding of fat-free diets to cebus monkeys. J. Nutr. 74:429-440.
Portman, O.W., K. Pinter, and T. Hayashida. 1959. Dietary fat and hypercholesteremia in the Cebus monkey.III. Serum polyunsaturated fatty acids. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 7:63-69.
Potter, J.M., and P.J. Nestel. 1976. The effects of dietary fatty acids and cholesterol on the milk lipids of lactating women and the plasma cholesterol of breast-fed infants. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 29:54-60.
Reisbick, S., M. Neuringer, W.E. Connor, and S. Iliff-Sizemore. 1991. Increased intake of water and NaC1 solutions in omega-3 fatty acid deficient monkeys. Physiol. Behav. 49:1139-1146.
Reisbick, S., M. Neuringer, R. Hasnain, and W.E. Connor. 1994. Home cage behavior of rhesus monkeys with long-term deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids. Physiol. Behav. 55:231-239.
Rudel, L.L. 1997. Genetic factors influence the atherogenic response of lipoproteins to dietary fat and cholesterol in nonhuman primates. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 16:306-312.
Rudel, L., C. Deckelman, M. Wilson, M. Scobey, and R. Anderson. 1994. Dietary cholesterol and downregulation of cholesterol 7 α-hydroxylase and cholesterol absorption in African green monkeys. J. Clin. Invest. 93:2463-2472.
Rudel, L.L., F.L. Johnson, J.K. Sawyer, M.S. Wilson, and J.S. Parks. 1995a. Dietary polyunsaturated fat modifies low-density lipoproteins and reduces atherosclerosis of nonhuman primates with high and low diet responsiveness. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 62(Suppl.):463S-470S.
Rudel, L.L., J.S. Parks, and J.K. Sawyer. 1995b. Compared with dietary monounsaturated and saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat protects African green monkeys from coronary artery atherosclerosis. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 15:2101-2110.
Rudel, L.L., J.S. Parks, L. Hedrick, M. Thomas, and K. Williford. 1998. Lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism in diet-induced coronary artery atherosclerosis in primates. Role of cholesterol and fatty acids. Prog. Lipid Res. 37:353-370.
Schiefer, B., F.M. Loew, V. Laxdal, K. Prasad, G.W. Forsyth, R.G. Ackman, and E.D. Olfert. 1978. Morphologic effects of dietary plant and animal lipids rich in docosaenoic acids on heart and skeletal muscle of cynomolgus monkeys . Am. J. Pathol. 90:551-564.
Smith, L.M., and S. Hardjo. 1974a. Intramolecular fatty acid distribution in milk fat triglycerides of monkeys. Lipids 9:513-516.
Smith, L.M., and S. Hardjo. 1974b. Fatty acid composition of monkey milk lipids. Lipids 9:674-678.
Strong, J.P., Ed. 1976. Atherosclerosis in Primates. Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger AG, 401 pp.
Su, H.-M., L. Bernardo, M. Mirmiran, H.X. Ma, T.N. Corso, P.W. Nathanielsz, and J.T. Brenna. 1999a. Bioequivalence of dietary α-linolenic and docosahexaenoic acids as sources of docosahexaenoate accretion in brain and associated organs of neonatal baboons. Pediatr. Res. 45: 87-93.
Su, H.-M., L. Bernardo, M. Mirmiran, H.X. Ma, P.W. Nathanielsz, and J.T. Brenna. 1999b. Dietary 18:3 n-3 and 22:6 n-3 as sources of 22:6 n-3 accretion in neonatal baboon brain and associated organs. Lipids 34:S347-S350.
Wilson, M.D., and L.L. Rudel. 1994. Review of cholesterol absorption with emphasis on dietary and biliary cholesterol. J. Lipid Res. 35:943-955.
Venkatraman, J.T., T. Toohey, and M.T. Clandinin. 1992. Does a threshold for the effect of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on the fatty acid composition of nuclear envelope phospholipids exist? Lipids 27:94-97.
Wolfe, M.S., J.S. Parks, T.M. Morgan, and L.L. Rudel. 1993. Childhood consumption of dietary polyunaturated fat lowers risk for coronary artery atherosclerosis in African green monkeys. Arterioscler. Thromb. 13:863-875.
Wolfe, M.S., J.K. Sawyer, T.M. Morgan, B.C. Bullock, and L.L. Rudel. 1994. Dietary polyunsaturated fat decreases coronary artery atherosclerosis in a pediatric-aged population of African green monkeys. Arterioscler. Thromb. 14:587-597.