Cognitive and Psycholinguistics
Developmental and Child
Industrial and Organizational
NOTE: These are fields in which Ph.D.s are awarded, as classified by the Survey of Earned Doctorates, the annual census of doctoral recipients from U.S. universities that has been conducted from 1920 to the present. The same field names are used in the Survey of Doctoral Recipients, the biennial workforce survey of U.S. science and engineering Ph.D.s. Analyses of Ph.D. production and the employment patterns of biomedical, behavioral, and clinical scientists conducted for this report also incorporated field names comparable to those identified here but no longer in use (e.g., the combined field of microbiology and bacteriology, which was eliminated in 1983 and replaced by the two distinct fields listed above).