TABLE G-3 Demographic Characteristics of Ph.D. Recipients in the Clinical Sciences

 

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Total

230

241

276

289

311

337

367

416

526

621

619

677

699

788

881

840

954

1030

1112

1217

1236

1246

1349

 

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

Men

158

176

196

208

202

204

221

232

249

262

244

259

290

302

313

322

333

363

396

420

456

434

462

 

68.7%

73.0%

71.0%

72.0%

65.0%

60.5%

60.2%

55.8%

47.3%

42.2%

39.4%

38.3%

41.5%

38.3%

35.5%

38.3%

34.9%

35.2%

35.6%

34.5%

36.9%

34.8%

34.2%

Women

72

65

80

81

109

133

146

184

277

359

375

418

409

486

568

518

617

659

704

787

769

803

870

 

31.3%

27.0%

29.0%

28.0%

35.0%

39.5%

39.8%

44.2%

52.7%

57.8%

60.6%

61.7%

58.5%

61.7%

64.5%

61.7%

64.7%

64.0%

63.3%

64.7%

62.2%

64.4%

64.5%

Minorities a

2

4

10

8

12

8

13

19

23

34

31

32

38

50

38

41

56

49

79

69

87

81

80

 

0.9%

1.7%

3.6%

2.8%

3.9%

2.4%

3.5%

4.6%

4.4%

5.5%

5.0%

4.7%

5.4%

6.3%

4.3%

4.9%

5.9%

4.8%

7.1%

5.7%

7.0%

6.5%

5.9%

U.S. citizens

171

181

213

223

240

256

292

328

401

492

458

489

527

573

656

630

706

739

803

897

857

865

891

 

74.3%

75.1%

77.2%

77.2%

77.2%

76.0%

79.6%

78.8%

76.2%

79.2%

74.0%

72.2%

75.4%

72.7%

74.5%

75.0%

74.0%

71.7%

72.2%

73.7%

69.3%

69.4%

66.0%

Permanent residents

31

27

34

23

32

27

29

25

30

36

32

30

33

38

29

34

58

48

63

91

103

87

78

 

13.5%

11.2%

12.3%

8.0%

10.3%

8.0%

7.9%

6.0%

5.7%

5.8%

5.2%

4.4%

4.7%

4.8%

3.3%

4.0%

6.1%

4.7%

5.7%

7.5%

8.3%

7.0%

5.8%

Temporary visas

21

28

25

28

27

45

34

48

70

66

85

93

84

108

118

145

161

213

202

214

235

253

247

 

9.1%

11.6%

9.1%

9.7%

8.7%

13.4%

9.3%

11.5%

13.3%

10.6%

13.7%

13.7%

12.0%

13.7%

13.4%

17.3%

16.9%

20.7%

18.2%

17.6%

19.0%

20.3%

18.3%

Planning postdoctoral study

43

51

64

57

78

87

81

84

69

104

89

109

109

133

116

165

141

192

185

226

236

238

223

 

18.7%

21.2%

23.2%

19.7%

25.1%

25.8%

22.1%

20.2%

13.1%

16.7%

14.4%

16.1%

15.6%

16.9%

13.2%

19.6%

14.8%

18.6%

16.6%

18.6%

19.1%

19.1%

16.5%

Median time to Ph.D. (in years) b

7.00

6.63

6.50

7.09

6.92

7.17

7.67

7.50

7.92

8.17

8.83

8.91

9.00

9.00

9.08

9.59

9.17

9.92

9.63

9.50

9.91

9.79

10.00

Median age at time of degree

31.83

31.58

30.79

31.67

31.75

32.00

32.37

32.87

34.08

34.33

35.50

35.96

35.92

36.42

36.75

37.17

37.83

37.75

38.42

37.79

38.08

38.46

38.42

aAfrican Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans; tabulations include U.S. citizens and permanent residents only.

bFrom entry into graduate studies.

SOURCE: Data are from the Survey of Earned Doctorates.



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