TABLE G-4 Characteristics of the Science and Engineering Workforce in the Basic Biomedical Sciences

 

1975

1977

1979

1981

1983

1985

1987

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

Total

40639

44727

49827

54660

58118

63194

67341

72142

74405

79497

82983

92955

Men

34110

37141

41166

44350

46429

49956

52565

55318

55712

58424

59925

65716

Women

6529

7586

8661

10310

11689

13238

14776

16824

18693

21030

23095

27239

Minorities a

1076

1171

1286

1592

1561

1862

1950

2251

2805

3048

3410

3943

Citizens

38187

41756

46158

51499

55337

60153

64015

68451

70501

74398

76570

84887

Permanent residents

1118

1340

1807

2291

2192

2359

2646

2807

2709

3653

5091

4922

Temporary residents

796

1080

1669

503

331

473

581

884

997

1431

1322

1466

Tenured faculty

13376

14345

15636

17836

18884

20114

19157

19755

17106

19151

19487

20326

Tenure track, not tenured

8854

9170

5952

6446

5673

6644

6149

5872

7556

7683

8259

8974

Total academics

27219

29889

33188

36165

36797

39307

41027

43572

40581

45247

48568

53026

Tenured or tenure-track faculty

22230

23515

21588

24282

24557

26758

25306

25627

24662

26834

27746

29300

Nontenure-track faculty

668

1057

4476

3586

3953

3696

5974

6235

4010

5386

5713

6822

Academic postdoctorates

2615

3507

4358

4722

4405

4450

4784

5993

4819

6401

7693

9620

Other academics

1706

1810

3092

3575

3882

4403

4963

5717

7090

6626

7427

7296

Total industry b

5326

5583

6313

7951

9635

11967

13588

15582

18513

19950

19434

22204

Industry professionals

5273

5543

6286

7881

9589

11841

13366

15376

18309

19579

18903

21643

Industry postdoctorates

53

40

27

70

46

126

222

206

204

371

531

561

Total government

4030

4250

4776

4831

5287

5399

6254

6290

6589

7200

7185

8649

Government professionals

3785

3914

4449

4545

4843

5026

5725

5776

6157

6154

6074

7212

Government postdoctorates

245

336

327

286

444

373

529

514

432

1046

1111

1437

Other sectors of employment

3055

3436

4103

4303

4657

5043

4847

5034

5984

4072

3790

5602

aAfrican Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans; tabulations include U.S. citizens and permanent residents only.

bIncluding those who are self-employed.

SOURCE: Data are from the Survey of Doctorate Recipients.



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