indicators of short-term demand as trends in faculty and industry hiring and perceptions of the job market by recent Ph.D.s.

Chapter 2 , Chapter 3 , and Chapter 4 review trends in the preparation and employment of basic biomedical, behavioral, and clinical researchers and make recommendations for each field. The report concludes in Chapter 5 with an examination of minority researchers and other issues that cut across the three broad fields.

The committee regards the NRSA program as a substantial achievement, of which the NIH, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Health Resources and Services Administration can justifiably be proud. The committee believes, however, that the research workforce will require continuing attention and change if its successes are to continue and increase. In particular, the committee believes that the NRSA program must increase its efforts to recruit and train investigators who will address the severe and too often neglected health needs of minority populations and investigators who will integrate and translate the rapidly increasing body of knowledge of fundamental science into programs to improve the health of Americans and people around the world.

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