45. Networking researchers, for example, have been clamoring for better data about Internet traffic and performance. They have been attempting to develop broader and more accurate Internet traffic and performance data for some time. Federal support associated with networking research might provide vehicles for better Internet Service Provider data collection.

46. The new Digital Government program being coordinated by the National Science Foundation may yield valuable experience in the practical aspects of engaging organizations with production systems problems for the purpose of collaborating with IT researchers. More information on this program is contained in Chapter 4.

47. On the one hand, business users should not benefit from subsidies intended for researchers (if they did, there would be a risk of overloading the academic-research networks). On the other hand, given the expectation that a research network is less stable than a production one, business users would be expected to pay for backup commercial networking and would be motivated to use a research network only at a discount. Systematic examination of actual users and applications would be necessary for concrete assessment of the traffic trade-offs.

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