evaluating social programs. He teaches the evaluation course in the Institute's graduate public policy program and a course in labor economics for the Department of Economics. His current research includes an evaluation of the welfare-to-work program, a project to help states design programs to enhance job retention and advancement for welfare recipients, and an evaluation of New Hampshire's welfare reforms. Dr. Barnow received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin in Madison and a B.S. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Before coming to Johns Hopkins, he was vice president of a consulting firm in Washington, D.C. He served 9 years in the Department of Labor, most recently as director of the Office of Research and Evaluation for the Employment and Training Administration.

Eileen Appelbaum is the research director at the Economic Policy Institute in Washington, D.C., where she has been employed since 1991. Formerly she was professor of economics at Temple University and spent several summers as a guest research fellow in the Labor Markets and Employment section of the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB). In 1995 Dr. Appelbaum was elected to the Executive Board of the Industrial Relations Research Association and in 1996 was appointed to a 4-year term on the Advisory Council of the WZB. She has acted as consultant to the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the U.S. Congress on several volumes, including Programmable Automation Technologies in Manufacturing (1985) and Trade in Services (1988), and is coeditor of Labor Market Adjustments to Structural Change and Technological Progress (1990). More recently she served on an OTA panel that reviewed modernization plans of the Social Security Administration. She has studied and written about employee participation and is coauthor of Job Saving Strategies: Worker Buyouts and QWL (1988); The New American Workplace (1994); and Manufacturing Advantage: Why High Performance Work Systems Pay Off (2000), on high-performance work systems in the United States. She has published numerous articles on employment and labor market issues and on developments in the service sector of the economy. She has also published extensively on the labor market experiences of women, including the effects of technology on women's jobs and the reasons for the expansion of part-time and contingent work arrangements in the United States. She is the author of Back to Work: Determinants of Women's Successful Reentry (1981). Her current research focuses on organizations and employment. Current projects include studies of high-performance work systems and an international comparison of working time arrangements in companies in the industrialized economies. Recent articles on these topics have appeared in Industrial Relations, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Inter-

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