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NSF (National Science Foundation). 1996. Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States: 1993. NSF 96-302. Arlington, VA: NSF.

NSF (National Science Foundation). 1996. Selected Data on Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards NSF 96-303. Arlington, VA: NSF.

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 1995. Research Training: Present & Future. Paris, France: OCED.

OSEP (Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council). 1998. Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Radetsky, P. 1994. The Modern Postdoc: Prepping for the Job Market. Science 265: 1909-1910.

Regets, M. 1998. Has the Use of Postdocs Changed? . National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Issue Brief. NSF 99-310, 1998.

Ries, P. 1994. Assessment of National Data Sources . Unpublished Working Paper, National Research Council.

Sample, S. B. 1993. Postdoctoral Education in America . Address Before the Annual Meeting of the Association of Graduate Schools Chapel Hill, NC, September 23.

Swinbanks, D. 1996. Postdoctoral Positions Galore in Japan. Nature 383: 200.

Syverson, P. D. 1994. Postdoctoral Education Back in the Limelight. Communicator (April) : 9-11.

Tobias, S., D.E. Chubin, and K. Aylesworth. 1996. Chutes and Ladders: In an Unstable Market for New Ph.D's, Success in Science Must be Redefined to Include Careers Outside the Ivory Tower The Sciences 36(4): 17-21.

University of California, Council on Graduate Deans. 1998. Report on Postdoctoral Education at UC, Fall 1998 ; available on-line at (www.ogsr.ucsd.edu/PostdocEdu/Report.html).

Van Ryzin, G., S. Dietz, J. Winer, and D. Wright. 1996. The Employment Outlook in the Microbiological Sciences: Prepared for American Society for Microbiology. Rockville, MD: Westat, Inc.

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Zumeta, W. 1984. Anatomy of the Boom in Postdoctoral Appointments During the 1970s: Troubling Implications for Quality Science? Science, Technology, & Human Values 9(2): 23-37.

Zumeta, W. 1985. Extending the Educational Ladder: The Changing Quality and Value of Postdoctoral Study. Lexington, MA: DC Heath and Company.

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Note: Relevant web sites are at COSEPUP's Postdoctoral Web site at www.nationalacademies.org/postdocs.

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