TABLE B-10: Number of Science and Engineering Doctorates by Field, 1975-1998

 

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

Agricultural Sciences

1,067

1,072

1,258

1,321

1,212

1,208

1,112

1,192

Biological Sciences

3,497

3,803

3,793

4,328

5,376

5,723

5,777

5,848

Medical Sciences

462

586

729

956

1,330

1,324

1,422

1,500

Engineering

3,002

2,479

3,166

4,894

6,008

6,305

6,098

5,919

Mathematical Sciences

1,147

962

998

1,597

2,187

2,043

2,030

2,100

Earth, Atmospheric, and Ocean Sciences

634

628

617

769

807

807

897

838

Physics and Astronomy

1,300

983

1,080

1,393

1,652

1,676

1,597

1,584

Chemistry

1,776

1,538

1,836

2,100

2,162

2,148

2,143

2,217

Social Sciences

3,315

2,757

2,647

2,812

3,356

3,474

3,473

3,394

Psychology

2,751

3,098

3,118

3,281

3,279

3,340

3,564

3,681

All Science and Engineering Doctorates

18,951

17,906

19,242

23,451

27,369

28,048

28,113

28,273

Source: Survey of Earned Doctorates, 1920-1998

Note: Includes all doctorates, independent of citizenship status

TABLE B-11: Number of Science and Engineering Doctorates Planning Postdoctoral Study by Field, 1975-1998

 

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

1998

Agricultural Sciences

157

154

238

354

334

327

Biological Sciences

1,923

2,310

2,328

2,827

3,500

3,488

Medical Sciences

58

108

96

160

231

214

Engineering

385

279

425

843

1,193

949

Mathematical Sciences

119

111

147

300

437

367

Earth, Atmospheric, and Ocean Sciences

139

176

213

281

338

306

Physics and Astronomy

611

445

486

765

885

672

Chemistry

811

606

747

927

1,089

943

Social Sciences

139

191

193

225

316

357

Psychology

377

476

485

553

751

882

All Science and Engineering Doctorates

4,719

4,856

5,358

7,235

9,074

8,505

Source: Survey of Earned Doctorates, 1920-1998



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