B

Background factors

students, 24, 25, 39, 69, 146, 155, 156

teachers, 48, 49, 100, 192

see also Socioeconomic status

Beginning teachers, see Induction phase

Beginning Teacher Support and Assessment Project, 92(n.1)

Benchmarks, 17, 31, 32, 119

Project 2061, 16-17, 66

Benchmarks for Science Literacy, 17, 32

Biology, 61, 148, 149

Boston Plan for Excellence in the Public Schools, 160-161

C

California, 63, 72

California Beginning Teacher Support and Assessment System, 159

California Commission on Teacher Credentialing, 92(n.1)

California Learning Assessment System, 63

California State University, 175

Career-long professional development, 5, 7, 10, 16, 19, 23-24, 28, 37, 67, 75, 88, 108, 109, 114(n.1), 144

Carolina Teacher Performance Assessment System, 50

Center for Teaching Excellence (University of Kansas), 121(n.2)

Cerritos College, 175-176

Certification, see Accreditation, institutions;

Licensing and certification

China, 62-63

Clark University-Worcester Public Schools, 165-166

Class size, 45, 48, 72

Clinical schools and training, 7, 19, 22, 75, 161, 162, 166

see also Practicum experiences

Cognitively Guided Instruction, 64

Collaborations and partnerships, see Partnerships and collaborations

Collaboratives for Excellence in Teacher Preparation, 173

Colleges and universities, xiv, 2, 5, 10, 11-12, 41, 42, 45, 74-75, 109, 111-112, 116-128

accountability, 8, 17

accreditation, 32, 35, 88, 106, 117, 185

advisors, 35, 116-117

career advising, 35, 116-117

certification of teachers, 96, 116-117

curriculum development, 78, 95

lower division courses, 95, 120, 121-122

defined, 187-188

partnerships, x, xiv, 8-10, 11, 19, 22, 28, 43, 74, 75, 81, 82-83, 87-108 (passim), 109, 111, 112, 116-117, 118, 119, 123-128, 129, 161, 164-176

beginning teachers, induction assistance, 91, 92(n.1), 96, 107

clinical schools and training, 7, 19, 22, 75, 161, 162, 166

information technology, 98, 103

inservice education, 76, 87, 88, 89, 91, 94, 97, 98-99, 100-103, 107, 126-128, 161

post-graduate programs, 98, 170

preservice education, 88, 92-97 (passim), 107, 164-176

Professional Development Schools (PDS), 5-6, 22, 75-79, 81, 166-167, 169-170

standards, 100-101, 174

pedagogy, 11-12, 23, 118, 119, 175

professors, selection criteria, 23

professors, tenure and promotion, 105, 106

Project 2061, 66

reform movement, general, 17, 19, 20, 22, 85

research by, 12, 43, 111, 121-122

standards, 17, 35-36, 100-101, 174;

see also “accreditation” supra

see also Community colleges;

Post-graduate programs;

Preservice education;

Professional development;

Teacher educators

Colorado, 56

Colorado College, 170

Columbia University, 8(n.3)

Community colleges, x, xiv, 93, 94, 124, 173-175, 176

recruitment and retention, 93, 173-174, 176

see also Colleges and universities

Computer technology, see Information technology;

Internet

Conceptual understanding, 68

defined, 186

inquiry-based education, 21



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