partnerships, 7, 83

pedagogical content knowledge defined, 189

student misconceptions, 61

teacher educators and education, 32, 60, 68

teachers, general, 59, 60, 61, 62(n.13), 119, 148

teachers, international comparisons, 54

teacher standards, 58

teaching as telling vs, 192

see also Preconceptions

Concerns-Based Adoption Model, xvii

Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences, 5, 56

Content knowledge, general, 18, 35, 68-69

alternative teacher education programs, 23, 61-62

career-long education, 10, 67

endorsement of teachers, 186

grade-level factors, ix, 55-56, 60, 80, 118, 119-120

inservice education, 33, 63, 64, 65, 123, 145

international perspectives, 54, 62-63

lacking among teachers, 2, 33

memorization, 26, 61, 119;

see also Teaching as telling

out-of-field teaching, 50-53, 54, 72, 79, 82, 188

parental attitudes, 39-40

partnerships, 88, 95, 96

pedagogical content knowledge, ix, 11-12, 60, 64, 67, 118

defined, 188-189

preservice education, 49-65 (passim), 79-81, 118, 119-120, 145

problem solving and teacher content knowledge, 60, 62(n.13), 63

reform of content, xiii, xv, 1-2, 17-18, 20

scientists and engineers, 8, 70

standards, 1(n.1), 2, 5, 17-18, 19, 23, 24, 30(n.1), 31, 55-59, 69, 70, 119-120, 143, 144, 145, 148-153

state standards for teacher education, 3, 5, 17-18, 19, 23, 33, 34, 56-57

curriculum frameworks, 17-18, 25-26, 31, 63, 160, 174-175

teacher input into content development, 39, 52, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64

teachers lacking, 31

out-of-field teaching, 50-52, 54, 72, 79, 82, 188

teacher quality and student achievement, 49-65

teaching as telling and, 10, 23, 24, 27, 192

teaching practice, defined, 192

see also Curriculum development

Content specialists, 4, 55, 69, 79-80

defined, 186

Chinese vs U.S., 62-63

master teachers, 39, 91, 96, 97, 107, 124, 126, 127, 188;

see also Mentoring

professional societies role, 80, 118-119

recruitment and retention, 80, 111

Continuing education, see Inservice education

Council of Basic Education, 18

Council of Chief State School Officers, see Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium

Council of Scientific Society of Presidents, 130

Council of the Great City Colleges, 37(n.4)

Council of the Great City Schools, 37(n.4)

Credentialing, general, 175

national consensus, 34, 115-116

out-of-field teaching, 50, 188

professors, selection criteria, 23

professors, tenure and promotion, 105, 106

teachers, 18, 37-38, 101

see also Accreditation, institutions;

Licensing and certification;

teachers, other” under Standards

Cultural factors, 62-63, 146

culture of education, 43, 101-102, 123, 145, 160

partnerships, 43, 101-102

professional training requirements, attitudes toward, 15-16, 22-23

student background, 25, 69

see also Public opinion

Current practices, x, xiv, 1-3, 7, 18, 28, 41, 46

partnerships vs, xv, 76, 108

practicum experiences, 18

Professional Development Schools and, 76

see also Reform of education

Curriculum development, 70

master/mentor teachers, 188

partnerships, 77-78, 90, 91-92, 96, 98, 176

Professional Development Schools, 77-78

Project 2061, 66

standardized test achievement, 54

standards, 17-18, 25-26, 28, 147, 156

state curriculum frameworks, 17-18, 25-26, 31, 63, 160, 174-175

teacher content knowledge and, 61, 63, 64

teacher decision- and policy-making, 38-39, 96, 103, 147, 156, 160

teacher education, 19, 61, 63, 64, 77-78, 90, 91-92, 96, 98, 147, 156, 160



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