LINDA HAWES CLEVER, M.D., M.A.C.P., is founding Chair of the Department of Occupational Health at California Pacific Medical Center. She received undergraduate and medical degrees from Stanford University, undertook further training at Stanford and the University of California, San Francisco, and is board certified in internal medicine and occupational medicine. She is a member of the Western Association of Physicians and is a clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. Her areas of special interest include personal, professional, and organizational renewal; current issues in health care, including managed care and ethics; the interactions of life, work, and health; the occupational health of women and health care workers; and leadership. She has been active in a variety of health, science, education, and public service endeavors. Editor of Western Journal of Medicine from 1990 to 1998, Dr. Clever currently serves on the Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. She also chairs the Policy Advisory Council of the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley, and the National Advisory Panel of the Institute for Women and Gender at Stanford. Dr. Clever is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
RUTH HANFT, Ph.D., is an Independent Consultant who gained a Ph.D. from the George Washington University, specializing in health services administration and public finance. Dr. Hanft is a former U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health Research, Statistics, and Technology, and, more recently professor at the