nity Oriented Primary Care Program. He has been a member of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Vaccine Advisory Committee and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Good Neighbor Environmental Board. Dr. Smith also serves in a national leadership conference organized by the Surgeon General to find solutions that will eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in six health areas by the year 2010. He is a pediatrician, former president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officers, and a past member of the National Vaccine Advisory Committee. Dr. Smith has been a member of two previous IOM committees: the Committee on the Health and Adjustment of Immigrant Children and Families (1996–1998) and the Committee to Study Outreach for Prenatal Care (1984–1986).

E.RUSSELL ALEXANDER, M.D., is a pediatrician who recently retired as Chief of Epidemiology with the Seattle-King County Health Department (1990–1998). He previously served in CDC’s Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (1983–1989) and was an epidemic intelligence service officer for CDC in 1955–1957 and 1959–1960. Dr. Alexander is also professor emeritus, having served as professor and chair of the Department of Epidemiology and International Health for the University of Washington School of Public Health (1969–1979 and 1990–1998). He was professor of pediatrics at the University of Arizona 1979–1983. He serves on the IOM Vaccine Safety Forum (1994-present) and was a member of the IOM Vaccine Safety Committee (1992–1994) and the IOM Committee on Human Health Hazards of Antibiotics in Animal Feed (1979–1980).

GORDON BERLIN, M.A., has worked since 1990 with the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (a social policy research and demonstration intermediary that develops and manages large-scale, multisite demonstration projects designed to test new social policies in the areas of work, training, income support, and social services for at-risk populations). He also was the founding executive director of the Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, a sister organization operating in Canada. In addition to his responsibility for corporate strategic planning and project management, Mr. Berlin oversees all of the corporation’s evaluation and demonstration projects concerned with state welfare-to-work programs and work incentive projects for the working poor. Previously he was the executive deputy administrator for management, budget, and policy for the New York City Human Resources Administration. Mr. Berlin has also served as program officer and deputy director of the Urban Poverty Program of the Ford Foundation. He was previously a member of the NRC Panel on High-Risk Youth (1992–1993).

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