scribes examples of interventions at the principal levels of the ecologic perspective, as described in Table 1–1 (individual, family, social network, organization, community, society). Note that those “levels” can describe either mechanisms that affect health status and disease etiology functioning at that level or the level at which a particular intervention is delivered. Thus, the distinction is made between community-wide interventions (which for the most part define community as a geographic place within which to carry out interventions that address individual-level behavior change relevant to health outcomes) and community-level interventions (which target social and structural changes associated with health status in the community as a whole).

Chapter 5 begins by presenting models and interventions relevant to the individual and family levels of the ecologic perspective. Chapter 6 then turns to the organization, community, and society levels. Chapter 7 reviews evaluation of the interventions and dissemination of health messages.


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