A

AAS, see American Astronomical Society

Academic facilities, see Universities and colleges

Accretion and accretion disks, 58, 63, 72, 80, 83, 112, 127

defined, 214

Adaptive optics, 11, 20, 45, 103-104, 105, 109, 114, 147

defined, 214

giant planets, 57, 61

Giant Segmented Mirror Telescope (GSMT), 10, 11, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 45, 46, 54, 55, 57, 58, 72, 76, 77-78, 79, 97, 100, 101-106, 118

Advanced Cosmic-ray Composition Experiment for the Space Station (ACCESS), 14, 33, 45, 123-124

Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth (ARISE), 10, 14, 33, 37, 42, 54, 81, 83, 98, 127, 195

Advanced Solar Telescope (AST), 8, 10, 13, 31, 33, 37, 41, 45, 54, 66, 68, 98, 114-116

Airborne observatories

balloon programs, 5, 14, 24, 33, 43, 45, 89, 90, 129, 195

Ultralong-Duration Balloon (ULDB) program, 33, 45, 135, 195

Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), 24, 54, 100, 109, 110

ALMA, see Atacama Large Millimeter Array

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 160

American Association of Variable Star Observers, 143

American Astronomical Society (AAS), xxvii, xviii, 2, 21, 139-140, 142, 145, 160, 164, 166-167, 169, 171, 173, 199, 201-202

American Astronomical Society’s Examination of Graduate Education in Astronomy, The, 171, 201-202

American Physical Society, 202

Andromeda Galaxy, 79

Antarctica

Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA), 44, 123

South Pole Submillimeter-wave Telescope (SPST), 10, 13, 33, 37, 43, 54, 75, 98, 128-129, 131

Apache Point, 140

Arecibo telescope, 125-126

ARISE, see Advanced Radio Interferometry between Space and Earth

AST, see Advanced Solar Telescope;

Division of Astronomical Sciences

Asteroids, see Comets and asteroids;

Near-Earth objects

Astro-E, 118

Astrometric Interferometry Mission, see Space Interferometry Mission

Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 142, 145, 160, 164, 166-167, 169, 173, 202

Astrophysics Theory Program (NASA), 14, 29, 33, 44

Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), 4, 8, 11, 12, 20, 24, 30, 31, 38, 42, 54, 57, 72, 75, 110, 130, 189

Atmospheres, planetary, 12, 13, 24, 36, 43, 57, 58, 83, 99, 109, 111, 112, 116, 119-120, 147, 153, 154

pollution, 150, 151, 196

see also Adaptive optics;

Airborne observatories;

Climate and weather, planetary;

Terrestrial planets

Australia, 101, 125

Axions, 93, 124

B

Bahcall report, see Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics, The

Balloon programs, 5, 14, 24, 33, 43, 45, 89, 90, 129, 195

Ultralong-Duration Balloon (ULDB) program, 33, 45, 135, 195

BeppoSAX satellite, 73, 74, 75

Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association (BIMA), 41, 128, 130, 206 (n.4)

see also Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy

Big Bang, 2, 19, 32, 43, 53, 71, 86, 88, 89-91, 124, 134-135, 219

BIMA, see Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association



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