board of directors of the New York State Independent System Operator. Dr. Schuler received his Ph.D. and M.A. in economics from Brown University. He also earned an M.B.A. from Lehigh University and a B.E. in electrical engineering from Yale University.
Jefferson W. Tester is director of the Energy Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and H.P. Meissner Professor of Chemical Engineering. He has also held the position of director, MIT School of Chemical Engineering Practice, and was a staff member and group leader for the Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Project, Los Alamos National Laboratory. He has been involved in various areas of research on energy production and environmental control technologies and on energy conversion and extraction technologies and has written or co-authored more than 125 papers and eight books. Dr. Tester is involved in a number of research collaborations, including the Alliance for Global Sustain-ability project on energy options for a greenhouse gas constrained world. In his capacity as director of the MIT Energy Laboratory, he is responsible for oversight of a wide variety of energy-related technology developments and policy-related studies. He has served on numerous advisory committees, including the Energy R&D Panel of the 1997 President' s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, the NRC Committee on Energy Conservation in the Processing of Industrial Materials, and the NRC Committee on Geothermal Energy Technology. He has a B.S. and M.S. from Cornell University and a Ph.D. from MIT, all in chemical engineering.