generators. The focused programs include support of mission definition studies and ATD for specific missions under each of the four science themes in OSS. The flight validation element covers the New Millennium Program (NMP) of flight demonstrations of new technologies for both space science and Earth science. Figure 2.1 illustrates how NASA views the emphasis in the different elements of the program in terms of the relative maturity of the technology topics being addressed.

TABLE 2.1 Office of Space Science Technology Program Budget Organization and Technology Investment (in millions of dollars)

 

FY 1997

(Actual)

FY 1998

(Appropriated)

FY 1999

(Requested)

Core Programs

  • Advanced Concepts Program conducts studies and proof-of-concept efforts for far-term (10 to 25 years) technology

1.5

1.5

3.0

  • Cross-Enterprise Technology Development Program supports the cross-cutting technology requirements for all NASA space enterprises, focusing on developments supporting multiple enterprise customers

130.5

124.8

126.3

  • Space Science Core Program supports mid- to far-term technologies for the Space Science Enterprise

55.5

74.5

85.5

Focused Programs

Dedicated to OSS mission-specific technology areas in the current OSS Strategic Plan

26.7

170.7

153.2

Flight Validation Program

Completes the technology development process by validating technologies in space

45.6

39.7

60.4

Total Technology Budget

259.8

411.2

428.4

OSS Budget

1,969.3

1,983.8

2,058.4

Percent of OSS Budget

13.2

20.7

20.8

SOURCE: NASA's Office of Space Science.

The four theme technology roadmaps, derived from the broadly inclusive science planning process in OSS, are intended to form the basis for planning advanced technology activities to support the orderly progress of the program outlined in the OSS strategic plan. Cross-cutting technology needs and priorities in support of more than one NASA enterprise are identified by the Joint Enterprise Strategy Team composed of senior technology managers from each of the enterprise program offices at headquarters and from NASA's Centers.1 The agenda

1  

To distinguish between NASA Centers (e.g., Ames Research Center or Goddard Space Flight Center) and NASA's centers of excellence, the former is capitalized (“Centers”), and the latter is referred to in lower case (“centers”). (See Box 2.1, which clarifies the relationship.)



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