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9 PROGRAM COSTS Planning activities for the first year of the National Scholars Program are estimated to be $0.5 million. The second and third years of the program would oversee implementation of three pilot National Scholars consortiums and an increase in the planning, coordinating' and oversight responsibilities of the National Scholars Coordinating Council. Total direct program costs would be $9.3 million for the two-year period. In 12 years? when the program reaches steady state, estimated annual expenditures for national program and consortium site activities would total $48.7 million, with undergraduate scholarships and graduate fellowships representing the major share of program costs. Scholars, the following information would be required for each student: student financial need as established by federal methodology, cost-of-attendance at the institution in which the student enrolls, the amount of any institutional grant awarded, and all other scholarship assistance a student may receive. Because we do not have such information, we must make informed guesses about student family income, what kinds of institutions they may attend (cost-of-attendance), and the dollar amount of other scholarship assistance they may receive. For ~ 995-96, the estimated total costs of attending a four-year public college or university as a residential student ~were $9,285. For private colleges, the Because the National Scholars comparable figure was $19,762. Program is a comprehensive effort involving A rough estimate of grant aid required many institutions and organizations, the costs of the program will depend on decisions within each consortium about how the program will be implemented as well as factors unique to each consortium. STUDENT SUPPORT Undergraduate Scholarships In order to develop an accurate estimate of the cost of providing undergraduate scholarships to National to assure that a student's filet financial need will be met without requiring National Scholars to take out loans or work at non- science related jobs can be derived Dom data on the economic status of the 1993 SHARP PLUS participants. The figures presented here reflect the National Scholars Program provision that the difference between the cost of attendance and the expected family contribution should be met by grants. These estimates assume that students with incomes below $30,000 will receive Pell Grants, and that students at private institutions, in all but

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30 the highest income group will receive institutional grants of $7,000. Total grant expenditures will depenc] on the proportion of students attending public institutions and the proportion attending private institutions. If the breakdown is 50/50 for all income groups, we can calculate the average National Scholars grant aware! at $S,150 in 1995-96. Assuming a six percent inflation rate for college costs? the comparable figure in 2005-06 would be $14,595 per participant. If inflation were held to four percent per year' the average grant in 2005-06 would be $12,064. Graduate Fellowships We propose that a fellowship award for a National Scholars Program should total $23,000 in 1995-96 dollars. The National Scholars Program should determine how that sum should be allocated between stipend, cost of education, tuition, or other institutional allowance. Consideration should be given to permitting individual consortiums to propose appropriate amounts as long as they do not exceed $23?000. Also, it may be appropriate to award a larger amount for tile dissertation year fellowship, but such an increment is not included in our estimates. PREFRESHMAN SUMMER BRIDGE PROGRAM The total costs of implementing a summer bridge program that includes course work career exploration activities, field trips, counseling, and social and cultural activities will vary depending on faculty and staff involvement' faculty release tine, and institutional cost sharing. Tuition' room and board' and travel must be factored in. Students should not receive a stipend for participating in the program. We will use a figure of $2,000 for direct costs of i~nple~nenting a summer program, exclusive ofti~ne spent by permanent National Scholars staffcluring the summer. DIRECT PROGRAM COSTS The costs of the National Scholars Program at each consortium will vary according to the number of students and program activities. Minimum consortium expenses would include release time for faculty who direct or are assigned other substantial responsibilities in the program and support staff salaries. Additional professional staiT might oversee summer research apprenticeships and internships or provide intensive counseling services. Offering a NASA Visiting Scholars seminar series, developing workshops' and employing tutors for study groups are activities which might be supported with program fiends. We propose that the average National Scholars grant for academic year consortium activities be $200~000. Some program activities would presumably be funded by other partners. Scholars engaged in summer research programs or internships would normally be paid through research grants, host summer programs, or industrial employers. Travel to scientific meetings may be Ended by . . . . dlsclp 1nary socletles. NATIONAL SCHOLARS COORDINATING COUNCIL A National Scholars Coordinating Council should not be a large organization. Basic council activities should be supported

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31 by three to four professional stag and clerical assistance, although much of the program conceptualization and management will take place at the individual consortium sites. On the other hand, because the council will be responsible for a range of program activities, including technical assistance? maintenance of a national data base, and organization of an annual conference, we suggest that annual financial support for the council be on the order of approximately $ ~ .5 million. PHASE-IN OF CONSORTIA The National Scholars Program would implement an initial three consortiums that would! serve as pilot programs. Each new consortium would admit college freshmen' sophomores, and juniors as National Scholars. The graduate component of the consortium would participate through the development of faculty linkages? providing summer research experiences for undergraduates and other activities that interact among educational levels. However, doctoral scholars would not be appointed until the third year of a consortium when the first cohort of undergraduate scholars enter graduate study. Two years after the three pilot consortiums have been established, six new consortiums would be established, with six additional consortiums being implemented in each of the following two years. For purposes of these estimates, we assume that a total of 21 consortiums will be developed.

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