Click for next page ( 110


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 109
Index A Accidents et urgences, 20, 21, 51, 67 Acclimatation et adaptation, 31-32 d'animaux qui viennent d'arriver, 62, 63 hebergement exterieur, 27-28, 33 Acquisition des animaux, 62 Activite et exercices, 41, 42 Activite physique, 41, 42 Agents biologiques et dangers, 17, 19, 20, 49 elimination des dechets, 49-50 ouvrages recommandes, 1, 17, 93 Agents de blocage neuromusculaire, 72 Agents de nettoyage chimiques, 17, 46, 67 Agricole, recherche, voir Recherche agricole Aires de repos 25, 27-28, 29, 40 retenue, 12 Albinisme, 38 Aliments et alimentation, 23, 27, 42-44 autoclave, 43, 45 bols et accessoires 29, 43-44, 48 ouvrages recommandes, 89-91 perissables, 43 rangement, 43, 44, 45, 84 restrictions 13, 44 Alternatives a la recherche animale, 1, 11, 198 ouvrages recommandes, 89-90 109 American Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, 92 American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, 14, 93 American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, 93-94 American Humane Association, 94 American Humane Education Society, 101 American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), 35 American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners (ASLAP), 94 American Society of Primatologists (ASP), 94 American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), 72, 95 Amphibiens, ouvrages recommandes, 90 Analgesie et anesthesia, 13, 69-70 ouvrages recommandes, 89-91 Anesthesie et anesthesiques, 13, 68, 69-70 ouvrages recommandes, 89-91 recuperation de, 68, 69, 85-86 residue de gaz, 20 Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, 104 Animal Welfare Act, 32, 95, 104

OCR for page 109
110 Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC), nettoyage et hygiene, 26, 47, 48 14, 15, 41 plancher, 26, 47 Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), 95-96 voir aussi Structures primaires Animal Welfare Regulations (AWRs), 3, 5, 9, Cages a couvercle filtrant, 26, 32, 36, 63 10, 11 directives sur lthebergement, 27, 28 qualifications du personnel, 14, 66 transport, 62 veins veterinaires, 14 Animaux de ferme, 4, 5 chirurgie, 68, 86 exigences dthebergement, 4, 31, 33-34, 35, 42 ouvrages recommandes, 5, 89, 90 Animaux domestiques, 62 Animaux immunodeprimes, 18, 50 Animaux noctures, 38 Animaux sauvages, voir Especes sauvages et exotiques Animaux transgeniques, 52-53 Antibiotiques, 66 Anxiolytiques, 70 Approvisionnement d'eau, 44-45 accessoires, 29, 44-45, 48-49 restriction, 13 L' Association canadienne de la medecine des animaux de laboratoire, 97 L' Association canadienne pour la technologie des animaux de laboratoire, 97 Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, 92-93 Association of Primate Veterinarians (APV), 96 Australia and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching (ANZCCART), 96-97 Autoclavage des aliments et litieres, 43, 45 chirurgie, 67, 86 Autofecondation, 52-53 B Bataille, 41 Betail, exigences en termes d'espace, 28, 34, 42 Bordetella bronchiseptica, 64 Bruit, 20, 40, 79, 84 C Cages, 25, 39, 42 complexites, 26, 40 dimensions et espace alloue, 26-31 INDEX Cailles, 31 Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Medicine, 97 Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Science (ACTAL/CALAM), 97 Canadian Council on Animal Care, 17, 97-98 Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, 98 Center for Animals and Public Policy, 98 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 19, 21 Cercopithecine herpesvirus, 21, 65 Chaise, 12 Charges de chaleur 33, 34, 35, 36 Chats, 42, 51 exigences dthebergement, 27, 31, 35 fourniture, 62 Chevaux, espace requis, 34, 42 Chevres, 29, 33, 63 Chiens, 12, 41, 42, 51 exigences dthebergement, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32, 35,42 fourniture, 62 Chirurgie de survie, 13-14, 66 Cobayes, 30, 48, 63, 64 Comites, voir Institutional animal care and use committees (IACUUs)/Comites pour les veins et l'utilisation d'animaux Comportement et changements de comportement, 3, 12, 13, 24, 25, 26, 40-42 Concentrations de particules, 24, 36, 37 Concentrations en gaz, 24, 36, 37 Conditionnement des animaux, 12, 27 Conditions environnementales, 23-40 naturelles par rapport a controlees, 5, 23, 27 voir aussi Hebergement; Installations Conseil canadien de protection des animaux, 17, 97-98 Contaminants de l' air, 19, 24-25, 26, 36, 66-68 alimentaires, 42-44 dans lteau, 44-45 Controle des insectes et animaux nuisibles, 50-51, 84 Controle des maladies, 63, 65-66 Copeaux de cedre, 45 Couloirs, 19, 79, 83

OCR for page 109
INDEX Courant d'air, 34 Cours 25, 26, 47-48 Croisement eloigne, 52, 53 Cryoconservation, 53 Cycles circadiens, 37, 38 nettoyage et hygiene, 18, 26, 37, 45-47, 78, 83-84 Cycles diurnes, 38, 39 D Dangers physiques, 17, 18, 19 Dechets, 18-19, 46-47, 49-50 abris exterieurs, 26 dangers biologiques, 49, 50 entreposage, 50, 78, 84 Defecation, 25, 47-48 Deshydratation, 13 Desinfection, 25, 26, 48-49 Detresse et euthanasia, 11, 72, 73 procedures provoquant 11-12, 72, 108 Diagnostic, 67-68 Dossiers cliniques, 51, 52 Douches, 18, 20, 79 Douleur, 69 controle, 2, 11, 13, 69-72 et euthanasia, 11, 72, 73 procedures causant des douleurs, 12-13, 72 Duree de conservation des aliments, 43 E Eclairage, 37-38, 83 Education et formation du personnel, 14, 15, 16, 17, 108 reduction du bruit, 39 procedures chirurgicales, 66-69 procedures de securite, 16,17 Elevage et reproduction, 52, 62 conditions environnementales, 24, 26, 39 enregistrements, 51-52 Enclos, 25, 26, 46-48 Enlevement des carcasses, 47, 79, 83 Enrichissement environnemental, 22, 27, 29, 39-41 Environnements naturels, 4, 24, 27-28 Ergonomie 16 Especes sauvages et exotiques, 6, 33, 99 en danger, 62, 105 ouvrages recommandes 111 Ether, 19 Ethique, 1, 5, 6, 9, 14, 15, 51, 70, 71, 96, 99 108 (passim) Etudes pilotes, 11 Etudes sur les maladies infectieuses, 20 Etudes sur le terrain, 5 Euthanasie, 11, 72, 73 et procedures chirurgicales 69, 108 Evaluation des risques, 17 Examens medicaux (personnel), 20-21 Exercice et activites, 41, 42 Exigences d'espace, 27-31, 33, 34, 35, 42 F Fenetres, 79-80 Fievre dthemorragie simienne, 64 Filtres HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air filters) 36-37, 83 Fish and Wildlife Service, 62, 105 Flux d' air, voir Ventilation et flux d'air Fonction physiologique, 12- 13, 24-25 Foundation for Biomedical Research, 99 Fourniture des animaux, 62 Flux d'air recycle, 36-37, 83 Fuite, 25, 26 G Genetique 52-53 Gerboises, 35 Groupes sociaux et interactions, 23-30, 41-42, 44 H Hamsters, 30, 35, 48 Hauteur, installations 28, 29-30 Hebergement, 25-27, 198 conception de securite, 18, 19 facteurs de planification, 23, 24 voir aussi Cages; Exigences d'espace; Hebergement; Structures primaires; Structures secondaires; animaux ~ . '. speclJtques Hebergement exterieur, 26-27, 45, 50 Herpesvirus simiae, 21, 64 Herpesvirus tamarinus, 64 conges, veins durant, 51 Hottes de securite, 19, 83

OCR for page 109
112 Humane Society of the United States, 99 Humidite, 24, 25, 26, 32, 33, 37, 81 Hygiene, voir Nettoyage et hygiene I Identification des animaux, 51, 62 Ruminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), 40 Immunisation, 20-21 Incineration, 50 Infections subcliniques, 64, 65 Inspections, 10 Installations, 77-87 conception de securite et support, 17 nettoyage et hygiene, 16, 79, 86, 87 voir aussi Cages; Exigences d'espace; Hebergement; Hebergement exterieur; Structures primaires; Structures secondaires Installations a doubles couloirs, 18 Installations de ravage, 18 Installations de rangements et contenants, 78, 84 pour les ailments et les litieres, 43, 44, 45, 84 pour les dechets, 50, 78, 84 Institutional animal care and use committees, 2, 3,4,5,6,7,9, 11-12, 13,24 conception de structure 26, 29, 30 ouvrages recommandes, 89 procedures chirurgicales, 66-69 13, 66 Institute of Laboraty Animal Resources, 2, 14, 99-100 Interaction humaine, 42 Interagency Research Animal Committee, 106 International Air Transport Association (IATA), 63 International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS), 100 Isolement, voir Quarantaines; Separation et isolement L Laboratory Animal Management Association, 100-101 evaluation medicale, 20-21 qualifications et formation, 14-17 voir aussi Sante et securite au travail Lapins, 31, 35, 40, 44, 48, 53 maladies, 64 Legumes, 43, 44 INDEX Litiere, 26, 29, 35, 45 changement, 26, 32, 38, 46, 49 enlevement, 18, 19 M Macaques, 21, 64 Macroenvironnement, 24 Massachusetts Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 101 Materiaux de construction, 25, 78 Medicaments, 12, 65, 70, 71 Meubles 25, 26, 29, 40-41 ouvrages recommandes, 95 Microenvironnement, 24-25, 34 Morsures et griffures, 17, 20 Moutons, 29, 33, 42 Murs, 81 Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, 64 N National Association for Biomedical Research, 101 National Institutes of Health (NIH), 19, 21 National Research Council (NRC), 17, 19, 21 Nettoyage et hygiene, 18, 26, 37, 45, 47-49, 78, 83-84 Nomenclature exigences dthebergement, 26-32 passim, 35, 41 importations, 62 maladies, 21, 63, 64 primates non-humains, 20, 40, 44 registres cliniques, 51, 52 retenue, 12 Nutrition, voir Aliments et alimentation o Odeurs, 35, 36, 37, 46, 49 Office for Protection from Research Risks, 101-102 Oiseaux, 31 Origine, 52 Ouvrages recommandes, 4, 6, 9, 107 agents biologiques et dangers, 1, 17, 93 aliments et alimentation, 80-92 alternatives a la recherche animale, 89-90 amphibians, 90 analgesic et anesthesia, 13, 69-70 anesthesia et anesthesiques, 90-92

OCR for page 109
INDEX animaux de ferme, 5, 7, 81, 97, 98 animaux en espace, 27-30 hebergement, 6, 26, 82 meubles, 95 poissons, 90 transport des animaux, 6-7 p Paralyse, 72 Parasites, 42-43 Pasteurella multocida, 65 Patures, 4, 26, 27, 83 Perchoirs, 25, 26, 27, 40 Pharmacologie, 66, 71 Photoperiode, 7, 38, 80 Photostresseurs, 37 Piegage, 25 Pigeons, 31 Pigmentations, 38 Plafonds, 82 Plancher, 26, 80 dans les cages, 26, 48 Plancher de vinyle 26 Plancher metallique 26, 48 Planchers a fonds solides, 26, 48 Poissons, ouvrages recommandes, 90 Politiques, 2-3, 98 voir aussi Soins des animaux et utilisation des protocoles Ponies, 34 Porcs, 64 Portes, 79 Postures et ajustements de posture, 2, 12, 25, 27,41 Poulets, 31, 35 Pression d'air, 20, 34, 83, 86 Primate Information Center, 102 Primates non-humains, 20, 40, 44 Primate Supply Information Clearinghouse, 102 Procedures chirurgicales, 12- 13, 65-69 autoclavage, 67, 86 installations, 67-68, 85-86 veins post-chirurgicaux, 68-69, 86 surveillance, 60 Procedures d'urgence, 19, 20, 51, 69 structures, voir Cages; Structures primaires; Structures secondaires Procedures en cas de desastre, 51 Processus metaboliques, 24-25 Protection auditive, 20 113 Protection respiratoire, 20 Protocoles, 9-12 Protocoles de recherche utilisant des reactions conditionnees, 14 Public Health Service (PHS): politique sur les veins humains et l'utilisation des animaux de laboratoire, 1, 8, 9, 11 directives sur les structures, 10, 29 Purina Mills, Inc., 102-103 Q Qualifications du personne, 66,114 securite, 17 veins veterinaires, 24 Quarantaines, 62, 63 voir aussi Separations et isolement R Radiation, 17, 18, 50 Rats, 30, 35, 63 albinisme et phototoxicite, 38 maladies, 64, 65 Recherche agricole, 4, 5 Regime et controle alimentaire, 13, 43, 44 Registres et tenue de registres clinique, 51, 52 gestion genetique, 52, 53 identification, 51 Reglements, 2-3, 8, 11, 62 Animal Welfare Act, 32, 95, 104 Animal Welfare Regulations (AWRs), 3, 5, 9, 10, 11 PHA, directives sur les structures, 10, 29 Regulatory Enforcement of Animal Care, 103, 104 Regulatory Enforcement of Animal Care, 103, 104 Reparations et maintenance, 25, 37 Restriction en calories, 44 Retenue physique, 12 Retinopathie phototoxique, 38 Retriats des experiences, 11, 12, 13 Rongeurs, 40, 44, 48, 63 albinisme et phototoxicite, 38 amputation de doigts/phalangectomie, 51 autofecondation, 52 chirurgie, 68, 86 exigences dthebergement, 26, 27, 29, 30, 35 maladies, 64, 65 sans pathogene, 65

OCR for page 109
4 S Sante et securite au travail, 5, 11, 17-21 Scientists Center for Animal Welfare (SCAW), 103 Securite, 51, 80 Sedation et sedatifs, 13, 72 Separation et isolement, 51, 63-64, 65, 79 Societes professionnelles, 14 Services de blanchissage, 18 Simulation sur ordinateur comme alternative a l'utilisation des animaux, 11 conception d/installation, 34, 77 Singes, voir Primates non-humains Siphonage, 19, 26, 80 Soins des animaux et utilisations des protocoles, 9-12 Soins des week-ends, 51 Soins veterinaires, 12, 13-14, 61-73 Souris, 38, 63 exigences dthebergement, 30, 35 maladies, 64, 65 Stabilisation, 62, 63 Sterilisation aliments, 43 cages et equipement, 26, 49 chirurgie, 67 dechets dangereux, 50 Stockage au froid et refrigeration, 43-50, 83 Structures exterieures, 26-28 acclimation, 28, 33 controle des insectes et animaux nuisibles, 50 11 sources d'eau, 45 Structures primaires, 24, 25-26 dismensions et allocation d'espace, 27-31 meubles, 25, 29, 40-41 nettoyage et hygiene, 48-50 plancher, 26 temperature et humidite, 32 ventilation et flux d' air, 24, 26, 34-36 voir aussi Cages Structures protegees, 26 Structures secondaires, 24, 32, 49 portes et fen tres, 79-80 ventilation et flux d'air, 24, 34-36 voir aussi Cages Surveillance, 19, 21, 63, 64-65 Susceptibilite aux maladies, 24-25, 41 Systemes de barriere en frontieres, 19 Systemes de chauffage, ventilation et climatisation (CVC) 36, 37, 81, 82, 83 INDEX Systemes d'eclairage minute, 38, 83 amputation de doigts/phalangectomie, 51 Systemes d' electricite et d' eclairage, 83 Systemes d'energie, 84 T Tablettes, 26, 40 Techniciens veterinaires, education et formation, 14 Temperature, 24, 26, 31-37, 80, 81 Temperature du reservoir see, 35, 37 Tetanos, 21 Tethering, 12 Traitement et procedures therapeutiques, 65 Transport des animaux, 62 Trappes, 51 Tuberculose, 21, 62 Tunnels, 40 U Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW), 103 Urine, 25, 48 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 62, 103 U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 62, 105 U.S. Government Principles for Utilisation and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training, 2, 5, V Vaccination, du peronnel de laboratoire, 21 Vendeurs d'animaux, 62 Ventilation et flux d'air, 20, 24, 25, 26, 32, 33- 37, 83, 85 Vetements, 18, 20 Vetements a usage unique, 17 Vetements protecteurs, 18, 20 Veterinaires responsabilites, 8, 9, 13-14, 51, 61, 68 temps partiel et consultation, 13 Virus choriomeningite lymphocytaire, 65 Virus dtimmunodeficience simienne, 64 Virus hepatite de souris, 64, 65 Virus sialodacryoadenitif, 64 Vitamine C, 43 Volaille, 35

OCR for page 109
INDEX W Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center (WRPRC) Library, 103 Zoonoses, 6, 14, 16, 18, 20, 61, 62, 63 Zootechnie et pratiques de gestion, 2, 42-51 pour les structures exterieures, 26-27 115 voir aussi Aliments et alimentation; Litiere; Nettoyage et hygiene; Registres et tenue de registres