1998 Inquiry, modeling, and metacognition: Making science accessible to all students. Cognition and Instruction 16(1):3–118.


Elmore, R.F. 1995 Getting to Scale with Successful Education Practices: Four Principles and Some Recommended Actions. Paper commissioned by the Office of Reform Assistance and Dissemination, U.S. Department of Education.

Elmore, R.F., Consortium for Policy Research in Education, and D.Burney 1996 Staff Development and Instructional Improvement Community District 2, New York City. Paper prepared for the National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future.

Evans, J.St.B.T. 1989 Bias in Human Reasoning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Goldman, A.I. 1994 Argument and social epistemology. Journal of Philosophy 91:27–49.

Habermas, J. 1990 Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hendrickson, G., and W.H.Schroeder 1941 Transfer of training in learning to hit a submerged target. Journal of Education Psychology 32:205–213.

Judd, C.H. 1908 The relation of special training to general intelligence. Education Review 36:28–42.

Kobayashi, Y. 1994 Conceptual acquisition and change through social interaction. Human Development 37:233–241.

Kuhn, D. 1991 The Skills of Argument. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Lin, X.D., and J.Lehman 1999 Supporting learning of variable control in a computer-based biology environment: Effects of prompting college students to reflect on their own thinking. Journal of Research in Science Teaching.

Moshman, D. 1995a Reasoning as self-constrained thinking. Human Development 38:53–64.

1995b The construction of moral rationality. Human Development 38:265–281.

National Research Council 1999 Improving Student Learning: A Strategic Plan for Education Research and Its Utilization. Committee on Feasibility Study for a Strategic Education Research Program. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Newstead, S.E., and J.St.B.T.Evans, eds. 1995 Perspectives on Thinking and Reasoning: Essays in Honour of Peter Wason. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement