TABLE 2.1 Ownership and Location of Helium Extraction Plants in the United States in 1998

Category and Owner or Operator

Location

Product Purity

Government-owned

 

 

Bureau of Land Management

Masterson, Tex.

Grade A heliuma,b

Private industry

 

 

Air Products Helium, Inc.

Hansford County, Tex.

Grade A heliuma

Air Products Helium, Inc.

Liberal, Kans.

Grade A heliuma

Amoco

Ulysses, Kans.

Crude heliumc

BOC Gases

Otis, Okla.

Grade A heliuma

CIG Company

Keyes, Okla.

Grade A heliuma

CIG Company

Lakin, Kans.

Crude helium

Crescendo Resources

Sunray, Tex.

Crude helium

ExxonMobil

Shute Creek, Wyo.

Grade A heliuma

GPM

Moore County, Tex.

Crude helium

GPM

Hansford County, Tex.

Crude helium

KN Energy, Inc.

Bushton, Kans.

Crude helium

KN Energy, Inc.

Scott City, Kans.

Crude heliumd

National Helium Corp.

Liberal, Kans

Crude helium

Nitrotec

Chillicothe, Tex.

Grade A heliume

Nitrotec

Cheyenne Wells, Colo.

Grade A helium

Pioneer Resources

Fain, Tex.

Crude helium

Pioneer Resources

Satanta, Kans.

Crude helium

Praxair, Inc.

Bushton, Kans.

Grade A heliuma

Praxair, Inc.

Ulysses, Kans.

Grade A heliuma

Trident NGL

Ulysses, Kans.

Crude heliumf

Unocal

Moab, Utah

Grade A heliuma

Union Pacific Resources

Cheyenne County, Colo.

Grade A heliuma,g

Williams Field Services

Baker, Okla.

Crude helium

a Including liquefaction.

b Stopped production in April 1998.

c Began production in May 1998.

d Output is piped to Ulysses, Kansas, for purification.

e Began production in December 1998 (est.).

f Stopped production in May 1998.

g Began production in October 1998.

Of greater consequence for this study are the specifications of the Federal Helium Reserve. The Federal Helium Reserve is stored in the Bush Dome reservoir in the Cliffside gas field near Amarillo, Texas (Figure 2.1). The Bush Dome reservoir originally contained one of the early helium-rich natural gas deposits discussed in Chapter 1 . The formation is approximately 3,500 ft (1,100 m) deep and about 300 ft (91 m) thick and has a 10 percent porosity. The government owns approximately 50,900 acres (20,200 ha) in the Bush Dome region. The Dome has a total capacity of approximately 45 billion scf (1.2 billion scm). The facility currently contains approximately 30.5 billion scf (850 million scm) of government-owned crude helium, or about a 10-year world supply at the current rate of use. Private industry stores an additional 4 billion scf (110 million scm) of helium in the reservoir.



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