Complete final component and subsystem designs and cost analyses.


Complete prototype plant designs and cost analyses.


Complete commercial plant designs and cost analyses. Complete virtual performance demonstrations of complete Vision 21 plants.

The program intends to deliver commercial designs and cost estimates, as well as virtual simulation tools.


Chapter 1 provides a brief background for the study and a discussion of how Vision 21 projects were evaluated by the committee. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the Vision 21 Program Plan and goals. Chapter 3 addresses the enabling technologies component of the program; Chapter 4 addresses the supporting technologies and systems integration components; and Chapter 5 addresses market aspects of the realization of Vision 21 concepts. Chapter 6 presents the committee's overall impressions of the Vision 21 Program, as well as findings and recommendations.


DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). 1999. Vision 21 Program Plan: Clean Energy Plants for the 21st Century. Morgantown, W.V.: Federal Energy Technology Center.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement