REFERENCES

Arrow, Kenneth J., and William M. Capron 1959 “ Dynamic shortages and price rises: The engineer-scientist case,” Quarterly Journal of Economics (May): 292-308.

Atkinson, Richard C. 1990“ Supply and demand for scientists and engineers: A National crisis in the making,” Science, 248(April 27):425-432.

Barnow, Bert S. 1998“ Objectives and Approaches of Forecasting Models for Scientists and Engineers.” A paper presented at the Workshop on Improving Models of Forecasting Demand and Supply for Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. National Research Council, Washington, D.C.

Bowen, William G., and Julie Ann Sosa 1989Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences: A Study of Factors Affecting Demand and Supply, 1987 to 2012. New York: Princeton University Press.

Cain, Glen G., Richard B. Freeman, and W. Lee Hansen 1973Labor Market Analysis of Engineers and Technical Workers. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Cartter, Allan M. 1970“ Scientific manpower for 1970-1985,”Science, 172(April 9):132-140. 1976Ph.D.s and the Academic Labor Market. New York:McGraw-Hill.

Ehrenberg, Ronald G. 1991 Academic labor supply in Charles T Clotfelter, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Malcolm Getz, and John J. Siegfried.Economic Challenges in Higher Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Freeman, Richard B. 1971The Market for College-Trained Manpower. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1976“ A cobweb model of the supply and starting salary of new engineers, ”Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 33:236-248.



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FORECASTING DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS: Report of a Workshop on Methodology REFERENCES Arrow, Kenneth J., and William M. Capron 1959 “ Dynamic shortages and price rises: The engineer-scientist case,” Quarterly Journal of Economics (May): 292-308. Atkinson, Richard C. 1990“ Supply and demand for scientists and engineers: A National crisis in the making,” Science, 248(April 27):425-432. Barnow, Bert S. 1998“ Objectives and Approaches of Forecasting Models for Scientists and Engineers.” A paper presented at the Workshop on Improving Models of Forecasting Demand and Supply for Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Bowen, William G., and Julie Ann Sosa 1989Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences: A Study of Factors Affecting Demand and Supply, 1987 to 2012. New York: Princeton University Press. Cain, Glen G., Richard B. Freeman, and W. Lee Hansen 1973Labor Market Analysis of Engineers and Technical Workers. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Cartter, Allan M. 1970“ Scientific manpower for 1970-1985,”Science, 172(April 9):132-140. 1976Ph.D.s and the Academic Labor Market. New York:McGraw-Hill. Ehrenberg, Ronald G. 1991 Academic labor supply in Charles T Clotfelter, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Malcolm Getz, and John J. Siegfried.Economic Challenges in Higher Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Freeman, Richard B. 1971The Market for College-Trained Manpower. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 1976“ A cobweb model of the supply and starting salary of new engineers, ”Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 33:236-248.

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FORECASTING DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS: Report of a Workshop on Methodology ITAA (Information Technology Association of America) 1998Help Wanted 1998: A Call for Collaborative Action for the New Millennium Arlington, VA:ITAA. Johnson, George 1998“ How Useful are Shortage/Surplus Models of the Labor Market for Scientists and Engineers?” A paper presented at the Workshop on Improving Models of Forecasting Demand and Supply for Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Kahneman, Daniel, Paul Slovic, and Amos Tversky 1982Judgement Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Basics. New York: Cambridge University Press. Kirkendall, Nancy 1998“ All Models Are Wrong; Some Models Are Useful.” An overhead presentation made at the Workshop on Improving Models of Forecasting Demand and Supply for Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Leslie, Larry R. and Ronald L. Oaxaca. 1993“ Scientists and Engineering Supply and Demand” in Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, Vol. IX. New York: Agathon Press. Massy, William F., and Charles A. Goldman 1995The Production and Utilization of Science and Engineering Doctorates in the United States, Stanford Institute for Higher Education Research, August. NAS (National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering/ Institute of Medicine) 1993Reshaping the Graduate Education of Scientists and Engineers. Committee and Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council) 1994Meeting the Nation's Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists. Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1998Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists. Committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Recent Trends in the Careers of Life Scientists. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NSF (National Science Foundation) 1989Future Scarcities of Scientists and Engineers: Problems and Solutions. Division of Policy Research and Analysis, National Science Foundation Washington, D.C.

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FORECASTING DEMAND AND SUPPLY OF DOCTORAL SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS: Report of a Workshop on Methodology 1989The State of Academic Science and Engineering. NSF 90-35. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation Ryoo, Jaewoo and Sherwin Rosen 1998“ The Engineering Labor Market.” A paper presented at the Workshop on Improving Models of Forecasting Demand and Supply for Doctoral Scientists and Engineers.National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Sovern, Michael I. 1989“ Higher Education—The Real Crisis.” The New York Times Magazine, January 22, Vol. 137, p. 24.

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