degree from Boston College and a B.A. in political science from the University of Illinois.

V. KERRY SMITH is director of Center for Environmental and Resource Economic Policy, and University Distinguished Professor at the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University. His current research interests include the conceptual and empirical issues in valuing nonmarket environmental resources such as clean air and water, the use of computable general equilibrium models to understand how environment policies influence international trade, and public policies involving environmental risks. Smith received his Ph.D. in economics from Rutgers University.

JOHN D. STARK is an exocologist and entomologist at Washington State University. His research interests involve estimating the fate of pesticides and other xenobiotics in the environment and estimating their effects on populations, communities, and food webs, with particular emphasis on demographic toxicology and modeling. He holds a Ph.D. in pesticide toxicology and entomology from the University of Hawaii.

PAUL B. THOMPSON is a professor of philosophy at Purdue University. His focus is on ethics in research and public policy in diverse areas such as food biotechnology, environment, and agriculture. He has a Ph.D. in philosophy from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

DAVID G. VICTOR currently is the Robert W. Johnson, Jr., Fellow for Science and Technology at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. His research focuses on how science and technology affect U.S. foreign policy. Victor received his Ph.D. in political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

DAVID VOGEL is a political scientist and currently holds the George Quist Chair in Business Ethics at the University of California, Berkeley. His current research interests integrate environmental, consumer, and trade policy and explicitly challenges the conventional wisdom that trade liberalization and agreements to promote free trade invariably undermine national health, safety, and environmental standards. Vogel received his Ph.D. in political science from Princeton University. He is the author of Trading Up: Consumer and Environmental Regulation in a Global Economy, Harvard University Press, 1995.

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