Second, the key to sound policy in the future is for all of us to be doing the analytical research needed as the basis of policy design. This analytical work will be no better than the multidisciplinary collaboration that we are able to develop and our willingness to involve lay people in our discussions at all levels.


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Halter, A. 1961. Utility of Gains and Losses. Pp. 128–139 in G.L. Johnson, A. Halter, H. Jensen, and D.W. Thomas, eds. A Study of Managerial Processes of Midwestern Farms. Ames: Iowa State University Press.

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1999. Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education, and Health Policy Needs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1996. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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