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OCR for page 179

OCR for page 179

OCR for page 179
A COSEPUP Charge lo the Pane! The purpose of the Panel on the Impact of National Security Controls on International Technology Transfer is to seek strategies to regulate the international transfer of technology through industrial channels in such a manner as to balance the national objectives of national security, eco- nomic vitality, scientific and technological advance, and commercial, educational, and personal freedom. In pursuit of this objective, the panel shall: (1) Examine the international environment in technology to provide insight into: a. the problems of regulating the availability of "dual-use" tech . nologles; b. the international competitive status of these technologies and range of practices to promote their use both in CoCom and non-CoCom countries; the problems in extending controls on the international exchange of data; d. the role of technology transfer and the interdependence among industrialized countries of the Free World in the development and application of technology; and the role of foreign nationals in developing and applying "sensi- tive" industrial technology of U.S. origin. (2) Assess the control problem for the Free World industrialized countries. Examine what is being lost through commercial chan 181

OCR for page 179
I 82 APPENDIX A eels, how, and to whom in order to provide a basis for establishing priorities among alternative control measures. Consider the nature and extent of the Soviet effort to acquire technology from the West and the actual capacity of the Warsaw Pact to absorb and utilize such technology within their military systems. (3) Assess the effectiveness of the current control scheme employed by the member states of CoCom and, in particular, investigate the views of and constraints on the non-U.S. members of CoCom. (4) Review and assess the impacts on industry of current export control policies and proposed regulatory changes, including multinational companies, U.S.-based exporting companies, and nonexporting companies. (5) Examine the current assignment of policymaking responsibilities on export control matters within the U.S. government and among the CoCom countries. Consider the practicability and desirability of new mechanisms or approaches to balance the military, commer- cial, scientific, and educational interests affected by export control . . ~ .eclslons. (6) Consider alternative approaches to the technology transfer prob- lem, including a possible emphasis on alternative strategies that maintain the technology lead. Make recommendations, as appro- priate, for the adoption of new approaches by private industry, the U.S. government, and by industries and governments in other countries.