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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This project was supported by the U.S. Department of Defense; (DAMD 17-89-C9086 and DAMD 17-99-C9049), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; (PR-470644, PR-470645, 273-MH-901198, 273-MH-913119, P-0158-00-6-00, 0009554547, and 263-MD-635973), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; (CR-823615, R-827241-01), the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs; (V101 P-1578), and the American Industrial Health Council. All contracts and awards were between the sponsoring agency or organization and the National Academy of Sciences. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

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