GM

General Motors Corporation

GFRP

glass fiber-reinforced polymer


HEV

hybrid-electric vehicle

HMO

hydrous metal oxide


IFC

International Fuel Cells


kWe

kilowatt electric


L

liter

LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory

Li-ion

lithium ion


mpg

miles per gallon


NiMH

nickel metal hydride

NOx

nitrogen oxides


ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory


PEM

proton exchange membrane

PEVE

Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy

PM

particulate matter

PNGV

Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles

PNNL

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

POX

partial oxidation

ppm

parts per million


R&D

research and development


SNL

Sandia National Laboratories

SO2

sulfur dioxide

SPCO

Silicon Power Corporation

SUV

sport utility vehicle


ULEV

ultra low-emission vehicle

ULSAB

ultralight steel auto body

ULSAB-AVC

Ultralight Steel Auto Body-Advanced Vehicle Concepts

USCAR

United States Council for Automotive Research


VW

Volkswagen

4SDI

four-stroke direct-injection



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