TABLE 4-2 Comparison of the Toyota and Honda Hybrid Vehicles

 

PNGV Targets

Toyota Prius (Japanese Specifications)

Honda Insight

Acceleration

0–60 mph in 12 seconds

0–60 mph in 14.1 seconds

0–60 mph in 12 seconds

Passenger capacity

up to 6

5

2

Fuel economy

up to 80 mpg

56 mpga

64 mpg

Range

400 miles

550 miles

600 miles

Emissions

meets standards

SULEV

ULEV

Luggage capacity

16.8 ft3, 200 lbs

10 ft3

5.5 + 1.5 ft3

Recyclability

80%

 

 

Safety

meets or exceeds FMVSS

 

 

Cost affordability

equivalent to current vehicles

$17,500 cost premium

$10,000 cost premium

Length

 

4,274 mm (168.3 in)

3,939 mm (155.1 in)

Width

 

1,694 mm (66.7 in)

1,694 mm (66.7 in)

Height

 

1,490 mm (58.7 in)

1,353 mm (53.3 in)

Body structure

 

conventional unibody (steel)

aluminum unibody

Curb weight

898 kg (1,980 lbs)

1,240 kg (2,734 lbs)

835 kg (1,856 lbs)

Aerodynamics (Cd)

0.2

0.30

0.25

Engine heat

 

Gasoline

gasoline

Type

 

inline 4 cylinder DOHC

3 cylinder /12 valve / VTEC

Displacement

 

1.5 liter

1.0 liter

Output (hp)

 

43 kW (58 hp) @ 4,000 rpmb

50 kW (67 hp) @ 5700 rpm

Torque

 

102 Nm (75 ft-lbs) @ 4,000 rpm

90 Nm (66 ft-lbs) @ 4,800 rpm

Fuel tank capacity

 

13.2 gallons (gasoline)

10.6 gallons (gasoline)

Electric motor

 

permanent magnet (274 V)

“ultra-thin motor/gen” (144 V)

Maximum power

 

33 kW (44 hp)

10 kW (13.5 hp)

Batteries

 

Panasonic 288 V NiMH

Panasonic 144 V / 65 amp-hr

 

 

240 D-size modules

120 D-size modules

Transmission

 

electronically controlled CVT

5 speed MTX

Braking

 

front wheel regenerative braking

front wheel regenerative braking

aSecond generation Prius, expected to be for sale in the United States in June 2000.

b Engine is revolution limited to 4,000 rpm to allow engine components to be built lighter (Atkinson Cycle).

Acronyms: CVT = continuously variable transmission; DOHC = dual overhead cam; FMVSS = federal motor vehicle safety standards; MTX = manual transaxle; SULEV = super ultra low emission vehicle; ULEV = ultra low emission vehicle; VTEC = variable valve timing and lift electronic control.

Source: Adapted from USCAR.



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