Goal 3: The committee believes that this goal has been met.

Goal 4: The committee believes that this goal has been met.

Goal 5: The committee believes that this goal has been met, based on ANL’s safety analysis.13 Concerns with scale-up of the HIP process have been noted by the committee in previous reports.14

Findings and Summary

Finding: The committee finds that ANL has met all of the criteria developed for judging the success of its electrometallurgical demonstration project.

Finding: The committee finds no technical barriers to the use of electrometallurgical technology to process the remainder of the EBR-II fuel.

The EBR-II demonstration project has shown that the electrometallurgical technique can be used to treat sodium-bonded spent fuel. If the DOE decides to complete the treatment of EBR-II spent fuel and blanket material, the committee has found that there are no technical barriers to the use of EMT to achieve this objective. The major hurdle that remains is qualification of the waste forms from this processing. The total quantity is relatively small, particularly in comparison to the total DOE spent fuel inventory, so even if qualification of the waste form were to prove impossible, the quantity of these materials that had been produced would be modest. The committee has found no significant technical barriers in the use of electrometallurgical technology to treat EBR-II spent fuel, and EMT therefore represents a potentially viable technology for DOE spent nuclear fuel treatment. However, before using EMT for processing other spent fuels in the DOE inventory that would generate much larger amounts of these wastes than were produced in ANL’s demonstration project, it would be necessary for these waste forms to receive the acceptance qualification.


H.E. Garcia, C.H. Adams, D.B. Barber, R.G. Bucher, I. Charak, R.J. Forrester, S.J. Grammel, R.P. Grant, R.J. Page, D.Y. Pan, A.M. Yacout, L.L. Burke, and K.M. Goff, Analysis of Spent Fuel Treatment Demonstration Operations, NT Technical Memorandum No. 108, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 1999.


National Research Council, Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment: Status Report on Argonne National Laboratory’s R&D Activity as of Fall 1998, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1999, p. 19.

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