Elton, C.S. 1966. Dying and dead wood. Pp. 379–305 in The Pattern of Animal Communities. Wiley, New York.

Franklin, J.F., K.Cromack, Jr., W.Denison, A.McKee, C.Maser, J.Sedell, F.Swanson, and G.Juday. 1981. Ecological characteristics of old-growth Douglas-fir forests. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-118. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Portland, Oreg. 48 pp.

Franklin, J.F., T.Spies, D.Perry, M.Harmon, and A.McKee. 1986. Modifying Douglas-fir management regimes for nontimber objectives. Pp. 373–379 in C.D.Oliver, D.P.Hanley, and J.A. Johnson, eds. Douglas-Fir Stand Management for the Future. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle.

Harmon, M.E., J.F.Franklin, F.J.Swanson, P.Sollins, S.V.Gregory, J.D.Lattin, N.H. Anderson, S.P.Cline, N.G.Aumen, J.R.Sedell, G.W.Lienkaemper, K.Cromack, Jr., and K. W.Cummins. 1986. Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. Pp. 133–302 in Advances in Ecological Research, Vol. 15. Academic Press, New York.

Harr, R.D. 1982. Fog drip in the Bull Run municipal watershed, Oreg. Water Res. Bull. 18(5):785–789.

Martin, C.W. 1979. Precipitation and streamwater chemistry in an undisturbed forested watershed in New Hampshire. Ecology 60(1):36–42.

Thomas, J.W. 1979. Wildlife habitats in managed forests: The Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. USDA Agricultural Handbook 553. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. 512 pp.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement