TABLE 9–1 Secondary Plant Constituents Used as Drugs Throughout the World, Their Sources and Uses

Compound Name

Therapeutic Category in Medical Science

Plant Sources

Plant Uses in Traditional Medicine

Correlation Between Two Usesa

Acetyldigitoxin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis lanata Ehrh. (Grecian foxglove)

Not used

Indirect

Adoniside

Cardiotonic

Adonis vernalis L. (Pheasant’s eye)

Heart conditions

Yes

Aescin

Antiinflammatory

Aesculus hippocastanum L. (Horse chestnut)

Inflammations

Yes

Aesculetin

Antidysentery

Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance (variety of Fraxinus chinensis Roxb.)

Dysentery

Yes

Agrimophol

Anthelmintic

Agrimonia eupatoria L. (Common agrimony)

Anthelmintic

Yes

Ajmalicine

Circulatory stimulant

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz (Indian snakeroot)

Tranquilizer

Indirect

Allantoinb

Vulnerary

Several plants

Not used

No

Allyl isothiocyanateb

Rubefacient

Brassica nigra (L.) Koch (Black mustard)

Rubefacient

Yes

Anabasine

Skeletal muscle relaxant

Anabasis aphylla L. (Tumbleweed)

Not used

No

Andrographolide

Antibacterial

Andrographis paniculata Nees. (Karyat)

Dysentery

Yes

Anisodamine

Anticholinergic

Anisodus tanguticus (Maxim.) Pascher (Zàng qiè)

Meningitis symptoms

Yes

Anisodine

Anticholinergic

Anisodus tanguticus (Maxim.) Pascher (Zàng qiè)

Meningitis symptoms

Yes

Arecoline

Anthelmintic

Areca catechu L. (Betel-nut palm)

Anthelmintic

Yes

Asiaticoside

Vulnerary

Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (Indian pennywort)

Vulnerary

Yes

Atropine

Anticholinergic

Atropa belladonna L. (Belladonna)

Dilate pupil of eye

Yes

Benzyl benzoateb

Scabicide

Several plants

Not used

No

Berberine

Antibacterial

Berberis vulgaris L. (Barberry)

Gastric ailments

Yes

Bergenin

Antitussive

Ardisia japonica Thunb. (Japanese ardisia)

Chronic bronchitis

Yes



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