Compound Name

Therapeutic Category in Medical Science

Plant Sources

Plant Uses in Traditional Medicine

Correlation Between Two Usesa

L-Dopab

Antiparkinsonism

Mucuna deeringiana (Bort) Merr. (Velvet bean)

Not used

No

Emetine

Amebicide; emetic

Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Botero) A. Richard (Ipecac)

Amebicide; emetic

Yes

Ephedrineb

Sympathomimetic

Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ma-Huang)

Chronic bronchitis

Yes

Etoposideb

Antitumor agent

Podophyllum peltatum L. (May apple)

Cancer

Yes

Galanthyamine

Cholinesterase inhibitor

Lycoris squamigera Maxim. (Ressurection lily; magic lily)

Not used

No

Gitalin

Cardiotonic

Digitalis purpurea L. (Common foxglove)

Cardiotonic

Yes

Glaucarubin

Amebicide

Simaruba glauca DC. (Paradise tree)

Amebicide

Yes

Glaucine

Antitussive

Glaucium flavum Crantz (Horned poppy, sea poppy)

Not used

No

Glaziovine

Antidepressant

Ocotea glaziovii Mez (Yellow cinnamon)

Not used

No

Glycyrrhizin (Glycyrrhetic acid)

Sweetener

Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (Licorice)

Sweetener

Yes

Gossypol

Male contraceptive

Gossypium species (Cotton)

Decreased fertility observed

Yes

Hemsleyadin

Antibacterial; antipyretic

Hemsleya amabilis Diels (Luó guō di)

Dysentery

Yes

Hesperidin

Capillary antihemorrhagic

Citrus species (Citrus, e.g., orange, lemon)

Not used

No

Hydrastine

Hemostatic; astringent

Hydrastis canadensis L. (Golden seal)

Astringent

Yes

Hyoscyamine

Anticholinergic

Hyoscyamus niger L. (Henbane)

Sedative

Yes

Kainic acid

Ascaricide

Digenea simplex (Wulf.) Agardh (Red alga)

Anthelmintic

Yes



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement