Kawainb

Tranquilizer

Piper methysticum Forst. f. (Kava)

Euphoriant

Yes

Khellin

Bronchodilator

Ammi visnaga (L.) Lamk. (toothpick plant)

Asthma

Yes

Lanatosides A, B, C

Cardiotonic

Digitalis lanata Ehrh. (Grecian foxglove)

Not used

Indirect

Lobeline

Respiratory stimulant

Lobelia inflata L. (Indian tobacco)

Expectorant

Yes

Mentholb

Rubefacient

Mentha species (Mint, e.g., peppermint, spearmint)

Carminative

No

Methyl salicylateb

Rubefacient

Gaultheria procumbens L. (Wintergreen)

Carminative

No

Monocrotaline

Antitumor agent (topical)

Crotalaria spectabilis Roth (Rattlebox)

Skin cancer

Yes

Morphine

Analgesic

Papaver somniferum L. (Opium poppy)

Analgesic; sedative

Yes

Neoandrographolide

Antibacterial

Andrographis paniculata Nees (Karyat)

Dysentery

Yes

Nicotine

Insecticide

Nicotiana tabacum L. (Tobacco)

Narcotic

No

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid

Antioxidant (lard)

Larrea divaricata Cav. (Creosote bush)

Antitussive

No

Noscapine (narcotine)

Antitussive

Papaver somniferum L. (Opium poppy)

Analgesic; sedative

Yes

Ouabain

Cardiotonic

Strophanthus gratus (Hook.) Baill. (Twisted flower)

Arrow poison

Indirect

Pachycarpine [(+)-sparteine]

Oxytocic

Sophora pachycarpa Schrenk ex C. A. Meyer (Pagoda tree)

Not used

No

Palmatine (fibraurine)

Antipyretic; detoxicant

Coptis japonica Makino (Goldthread)

Not used

No

Papain

Proteolytic; mucolytic

Carica papaya L. (Papaya)

Digestant

Yes

Papaverineb

Smooth muscle relaxant

Papaver somniferum L. (Opium poppy)

Sedative; analgesic

No

Phyllodulcin

Sweetener

Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Seringe (Hydrangea)

Sweetener

Yes

Physostigmine (eserine)

Anticholinesterase

Physostigma venenosum Balf. (Ordeal bean)

Ordeal poison

Indirect



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