Compound Name

Therapeutic Category in Medical Science

Plant Sources

Plant Uses in Traditional Medicine

Correlation Between Two Usesa

Picrotoxin

Analeptic

Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wright & Arn. (Fish berry)

Fish poison

Indirect

Pilocarpine

Parasympathomimetic

Pilocarpus jaborandi Holmes (Jaborandi)

Poison

Indirect

Pinitolb

Expectorant

Several plants

Not used

No

Podophyllotoxin

Escharotic

Podophyllum peltatum L. (May apple)

Cancer

Yes

Protoveratrines A & B

Antihypertensive

Veratrum album L. (False hellebore)

Hypertension

Yes

Pseudoephedrineb

Bronchodilator

Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ma-Huang)

Chronic bronchitis

Yes

Pseudoephedrine, nor-b

Bronchodilator

Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ma-Huang)

Chronic bronchitis

Yes

Quinidine

Antiarrhythmic

Cinchona ledgeriana Moens ex Trimen (Yellow cinchona)

Malaria

No

Quinine

Antimalarial; antipyretic

Cinchona ledgeriana Moens ex Trimen (Yellow cinchona)

Malaria

Yes

Quisqualic acid

Anthelmintic

Quisqualis indica L. (Rangoon creeper)

Anthelmintic

Yes

Rescinnamine

Antihypertensive; tranquilizer

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz (Indian snakeroot)

Tranquilizer

Yes

Reserpine

Antihypertensive; tranquilizer

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz (Indian snakeroot)

Tranquilizer

Yes

Rhomitoxin

Antihypertensive; tranquilizer

Rhododendron molle G. Don (Yellow azalea)

Contraindicated in low blood pressure

Yes

Rorifone

Antitussive

Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern (Nasturtium)

Chronic bronchitis

Yes

Rotenone

Piscicide

Lonchocarpus nicou (Aubl.) DC. (Cubé root)

Fish poison

Yes

Rotundine [(+)-tetrahydropalmatine]

Analgesic; sedative; tranquilizer

Stephania sinica Diels (Chinese stephania)

Sedative

Yes



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